Cloud Rainstorm Summer 2021




Rainstorm Summer 2021 Course Catalog


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Arts Engineering
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Arts

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A756: History of Western Modern Art (1800s-1950): The Journey to Abstraction
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lili Price

Have you ever wondered how our definition of “art” changed from grand, realistic depictions of heroes to canvases covered with a single color? Between 1830 and 1950, the world came to recognize art as a form of creative expression -- rather than a way to record life. This art history course will center around roughly 12 artistic submovements that eventually led to this drastic shift in thinking; these will include but are not limited to Impressionism, Expressionism, Cubism, Suprematism, and many more! By analyzing significant artworks from each period, the journey from realistic depiction to the modern “avant-garde” will become clear and ever more impressive.
NOTE: This is Part I of a two-part class covering Western Modern Art history as a whole; either part can be taken individually, but it is recommended to take both for a more holistic understanding of the subject. Part II is entitled “History of Western Modern Art (Post War): Art for Change.”


Class Style
Lecture

A757: History of Western Modern Art (Post War): Artist as Activist
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lili Price

After WWI, art became a method to express thought, rather than a means of aesthetic decoration. Art was (and still is) utilized to trigger, spread, and implement social/cultural/political change. This art history class will cover more than 12 artistic submovements, in majority from the 1930s and the 1960s-70s; these will include but are not limited to Dadaism & Surrealism, the Harlem Renaissance, Pop Art, Conceptual Art, Feminist Art, Earth Art, and many more! By analyzing significant artworks from each period, you will come to understand and appreciate how art expanded beyond the canvas, left galleries and museums, and became a social practice. By the end of this lesson you will become familiar with much of the art that truly made a difference towards equality — making great strides against sexism, racism, war, classism, and much more.
NOTE: This is Part II of a two-part class covering Western Modern Art history as a whole; either part can be taken individually, but it is recommended to take both for a more holistic understanding of the subject. Part I is entitled “History of Western Modern Art (1800s-1950s): The Journey to Abstraction”


Class Style
Lecture

A759: Kpop Dance
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vivian Wang

Calling all Kpop fans! Whether you love Kpop songs, have always wanted to do a Kpop cover, or spend hours on Youtube everyday staring at your favorite Kpop idols...this class is for you! An hour will be dedicated to learning the choreography from one of your favorite Kpop groups. No experience necessary! This is a class for true beginners who want to try Kpop choreography.


Class Style
Activity

A768: Scansion for Songwriters
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Naomi Hinchen

Learn how to make words fit to a tune! We'll cover some basic music theory, explore how song lyrics both follow and break the rules of poetic meter, and discover what Emily Dickinson has in common with Pokemon.


Class Style
Lecture

A811: Intro to Digital Painting
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Catherine M

Learn how to emulate traditional painting techniques such as watercolor, charcoal, and oils using digital medium, namely Adobe Photoshop.

We will be reviewing the process behind achieving magnificent digital paintings of various styles.

The following art fundamentals will be covered:

- Light and color theory
- Composition
- Brushwork
- Personal style


Class Style
Lecture

A816: Writing for the Stage
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brett Iarrobino

This course is designed as a workshop for students interested in writing dramatically and creatively for theatre/the performing arts. We will learn basic techniques of stagecraft, including dialogue and character development, as well as the dramatic structure and the technical elements of a play. From there, we’ll work both collaboratively and individually using writing prompts to create our own scenes in whatever medium students prefer to write in. By the end of the course, students will walk away with one short play or sketch that has been read aloud and/or performed by their peers.


Class Style
Activity


Engineering

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E769: Basics of Biomedical Engineering
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Rebecca Reals

Are you fascinated by stories of scientists growing new organs or building robotic limbs? Have you fantasized about curing deadly diseases or preventing injuries before they happen? If any of these statements sound familiar, Basics of Biomedical Engineering is for you. Learn what biomedical engineering is all about, explore some of the exciting subfields (such as medical devices & implants, biomechanics & mechanobiology, image analysis & signal processing, and cell & tissue engineering) through real life examples, and implement these innovative concepts yourself by coming up with your own approach to solving an engineering challenge. This class is a broad, surface level introduction to the field of biomedical engineering, geared towards students who are interested in learning more but aren't ready for a deep dive into a specific area.


Class Style
Activity

E821: Sustainable computing: Understanding our digital carbon footprints
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Udit Gupta

In the past two decades, the world has witnessed an exponential rise in computing technology. The rise in computing technology has led to modern mobile phones, the Internet, and cloud computing. We use computing on a daily basis. But have you ever considered what the environmental impact of computing is? Where does it come from and what can we do about it? These are just some of the questions we will answer in this class!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
None

E845: Neurons, Mobility, and Rehabilitation Engineering: Current Topics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Noah Rubin

Greetings! This class is meant to provide a brief peek into the realm of neurorehabilitation engineering. It will broadly go over some of the disorders (such as Parkinson's disease) that affect your sensorimotor system, as well as some of the methods engineers are currently exploring to treat these ailments.

My goal is simply to give you small but broad look into this field and see some of the treatments that you may not be aware of, such that if anything particularly interests you, you will have some grounding and terminology to look into them further on your own. :)


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A basic understanding of physics and biology would be very helpful, but I do not want to restrict anyone.

E836: Stories in 2D: Sketching & Design Thinking
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ahad Rauf

The stories you tell through sketching help convey your ideas to a broader audience. The way you draw out your thoughts can vary dramatically based on your audience. An engineering meeting requires a different form of communication compared to, say, a brainstorm with your family. We cover some basic theory of design thinking and sketching. Then we will guide students through an iterative design process, so students can communicate their ideas confidently to a variety of audiences.


Class Style
Activity

E848: Intro to Haptic Technologies
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lawrence Kim

Touch is the first sense that humans develop. Haptic technologies can create this experience of touch by applying forces, vibrations, or motions to users.
In this class, we will learn the concept of haptics, how humans process touch, and how haptic technologies work.


Class Style
Lecture


Humanities

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H755: History of Magic and Alchemy in the Western World
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Hunter Newman

History isn't just a bunch of names, dates, and facts. It is the story of human civilization from the beginning to now. In this class we will cover the story of both magic and alchemy from their mysterious origins to how they are used today. We'll cover things like the Philosophers Stone, alchemical symbols, transmutation of elements, immortality, and cures for diseases. We will also cover important events such as the Black Plague, Trier and Salem Witch Trials, and the first successful transmutation of elements.


Class Style
Lecture

H767: Behavioral Economics: $1 Today or $2 Tomorrow?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jen Park

Why do we spend money the way we do? Why do people love free giveaways so much? Is receiving $1 today better than receiving $2 tomorrow?

Classical economics assumes that people make "rational" money decisions. But as you've probably noticed in your real life, we don't always make great choices (for example, that shirt you bought and never wear...) Behavioral economics tries to address this. We'll talk about some common mistakes we make in our daily decisions and discuss ways to fight these biases.


Class Style
Seminar

H773: The Spies and Espionage of World War II
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hunter Newman

Have you ever wanted to know how modern espionage came about? Or how tradecraft became an essential part of modern warfare? Maybe how women went from an ill-perceived "unfit for war" to an indispensable instrument in the world's largest amphibious invasion? Well then I think you should take this class!


Class Style
Lecture

H778: Help solve climate change!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: John Gage

We know the technical changes needed for a relatively safe climate future: reduce human-made greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by 2050 and reduce CO2 in the air below 350 ppm by 2100. We also know that when pollution is free, we get too much of it. Climate pollution is still free in most countries. The cheapest, fairest, and most comprehensive way to address our climate pollution problem is to fix the market's failure to account for the costs with a three-part solution:

1) Put a steadily increasing price on climate pollution when it enters the economy,
2) Give the money collected to the third party that is being harmed (all households equally), and
3) Use border carbon adjustments to protect US businesses and push our carbon price around the world.

A strong carbon price signal will incentivize efficiency, innovation, transition, and drawdown. Sending the cash back to households will protect purchasing power and let us achieve the high price needed. Complementary policies are also necessary, but this is our best first step.

It sounds so easy! What's preventing us from doing this? Is it possible to break the logjam and save ourselves? Can any of us do anything to help solve the most significant existential crisis human civilization has ever faced? Yes, we can.

Each of us can take effective action in this pivotal moment in humankind’s history. Ordinary citizens advocating for change is our last, best hope to avoid climate catastrophe. Let's get started right now!


Class Style
Seminar

H787: How to Go Viral on Ancient Greek Spotify
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Aidan Gray

What did the chart-topping hits of 400 BC actually sound like? Who were the rock stars in the time of Plato? And how does the intensely musical culture of the Ancient Greeks continue to affect us and the way we think about music?

Grab your aulos (flute), gut a nearby farm animal (to make lyre strings) and pull up a chair: this course will serve as your one-stop introduction to the sounds of the Ancient Greek world!

And along the way we'll learn why one writer thought flute players looked like giant frogs, why the world's first organ was a total pain to play, and why people who complain about "the music young people listen to today" are really just rehashing millennia-old cliches!


Class Style
Lecture

H788: How to Become the Stephen King of Ancient Rome
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Aidan Gray

Stephen King is one of the best selling authors of all time largely due to his ability to write books that people find truly frightening. There's something people seem to love about being scared out of their wits-- as evidenced by the plethora of scary movies, haunted houses, and The News.

1900 years ago, the same thing was true. Ancient Roman literature is replete with tales of dread and terror. Angry ghosts, gore-covered witches, psycho cannibals and violent werewolves.

But how exactly did horror work in the Roman Empire? What does it tell us about their culture and their beliefs? And what makes it so timeless and effective?

Join us to learn about the story that influenced everything Shakespeare ever wrote, why Cicero considered people who enjoy horror stories to be insane, and the real life Emperor who inspired countless blood-curdling tales...


Class Style
Lecture

H823: The Eye of the Storm. Between the World Wars. The Interwar Period 1919-1939
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joshua Hoffman

In 1914 Six Empires fell into a debilitating war over dominance over Europe and the wider world. By 1919, two were exhausted to the point they would never recover, two had their government's collapse, and two were shattered completely. What happened to Europe after the war? What happened to the world? How did Stalin, Hitler, and Mussolini take power? And what made the world plunge into an even worse war just twenty years later? This broad, lecture style class will seek to answer those questions .


Class Style
Lecture

H824: The Empire We Lost: The Carthaginians
Difficulty: *

This course hopes to shed some light on the history and culture of one of the most little-known cltures of the Punic people living in northwestern Africa during antiquity - a semetic group based out of modern Tunisia - a trading empire and the greatest adversary to the Roman empire.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
None

H831: Introduction to Political Ideology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Christian Geramita

Have you ever wondered what differentiates liberals, conservatives, and everything in between? If so, this class will help you understand the sociology behind political ideology and what positions tend to fall within the realm of debate for ideology. Not only will you learn more about political socialization in your own community, but you will also garner new insights for ideas that you may have never been exposed to before.


Class Style
Discussion

H839: Why I love Roland
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrea Massari

Reading from the Chanson de Roland, a 900 year old French epic poem I love. What it tells us about that society and about our own.


Class Style
Seminar

H850: Magic Systems in Fantasy Stories - Part 1
Difficulty: **

We''re going to explore how magic is designed and presented in a variety of books and movies,.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Must enjoy fantasy!

H851: Magic Systems in Fantasy Stories - Part 2
Difficulty: **

In this session, we are going to apply what we've learned in Part 1, sharing ideas and problems with each other. You are welcome to bring works already in progress or to start something new!

Part 1 is recommended, but not required.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Must enjoy fantasy!

H852: H11967: Building Histories for Your Fantasy, Science Fiction, or Dystopia
Difficulty: **

In the year 2150, we've colonized Mars. How did we get from here to there?

On the planet Trzymy, there is a plot to overthrow the Usurper! How did he come to power and what is the heritage of his country?

We're doomed. We know we're doomed. The leaders say so. Has it always been this way? If not, when did things change and how?

Creating a solid history to lean on in your story telling can make the tale a lot easier to craft for an author, or at least a lot easier to follow for a reader!

We will work to understand how histories work and what we need to do to build them!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Must love one or more of the genres in the title and have a desire to create your own!

H789: Media Binds or Blinds? Eradicating Algorithmic Bias through Media Education
Difficulty: *
Teachers: MELDA YILDIZ

This workshop investigates the role of Algorithmic Bias/ Injustice integrating new technologies such as Global Positioning System (GPS) while developing global competencies, geospatial intelligence, and computational thinking skills. It offers creative strategies and possibilities for eradicating myths and misconceptions in education. We will engage in a wide range of media literacy activities exploring geospatial and computational thinking skills. We will investigate alternative points of view on news, global issues, algorithmic bias, and social justice through media literacy education.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
None


Math & Computer Science

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M800: An Algorithm a Day Keeps the Doctor Away? Ethical Consequences of AI in Healthcare
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jennifer John, Amir Zur

Google recently launched an app that uses AI to diagnose skin cancer. Human dermatologists notoriously underperform in detecting conditions when their patient's skin is dark, but will AI do better?

To answer this question, we'll explore different notions of fairness, how they've been applied in algorithms, and how they perform in medical case studies.

Whether you're interested in medicine, computer science, or something else entirely, this class will provide you with a framework to ethically analyze a variety of scenarios and understand the impact AI might have on healthcare.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
No prereqs; excitement to learn and discuss!

M806: If It's Knot Theory Then What Is It?
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Zachary Winkeler

Knot theory is the mathematical study of knots. We'll talk about what knots are and what it means to study them. Specifically, we'll talk about some "knot invariants", which are numbers (or other things) that we can associate to knots to tell different ones apart.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
You should know what a polynomial is.

M807: Right Under Your Nose: How to Use The Internet to Find Out About Anything
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Salvatore LaRussa

You probably know that the internet is a great place to find all kinds of things like memes, recordings of Tik Toks, the directions to your friend's houses, and recipes for cakes you can make in a mug. But what about the more important stuff? Did you know that, publicly available on the internet, there is the information to figure out why there's that weird abandoned lot in your neighborhood? Or why the cops are racing past your house in the middle of the night? Or, even more surprising, that Border Patrol was using predator drones to spy on protestors in Minneapolis? Crazier still, using only publicly available information on the internet, people just like you and me have tracked down the soldiers involved in shooting down a passenger airliner over Ukraine, and are actively watching human rights abuses by dictators and despots all over the world. This class is about how you can use the internet to find out not only the stuff that everyone knows, but to figure out some things people have long forgotten or really want to stay hidden.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
All you need for this class are critical thinking and the ability to use Google. Also, as the description implies, some potentially alarming topics will be mentioned, including mass surveillance and terrorism. I will give some warning when I will be talking about these subjects, but this is just a heads up.

M815: Trippy Transitions and Efficient Exchanges: Basic Models of Computing
Difficulty: **

In this class, we will learn about theoretical computational models including Deterministic Finite Automata (DFAs) and Non-Deterministic Finite Automata (NFAs) and learn how to make and test an NFA using an online tool. We will also touch on the theory of distributed computing by exploring communication complexity: if two computers need to work to solve a problem, how do we minimize the amount of times they need to exchange data? After taking this class, you will have a good understanding of some of the fundamental models that underpin computers.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Basic familiarity with binary numbers (for instance, understanding how to add and subtract binary numbers and conversion to and from decimal numbers) Some interest in computer theory

M817: It's Sort Of Math
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zachary Winkeler

This is a class about sorting algorithms. We'll talk about various ways to sort things (like a deck of cards or a stack of papers), and try to come up with mathematical ways to compare them. Which algorithm is the fastest? Which one is the simplest? Which one uses the least amount of space?


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
This class shouldn't require anything more than some basic algebra and graphing skills. No programming experience is required, but I might use some Python code to illustrate with examples. Additionally, if you happen to know what asymptotes and/or limits are, we'll see a real-life application of these things!

M818: Data Structures and Algorithms
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rishu Garg, Laura Lyman

An introduction to Data Structures and Algorithms, one of the fundamental building blocks of Computer Science.

We will start this course by discussing what Data Structures are, and their use in different domains. We will gradually transform into designing algorithms to solve some classic problems in the field of computer science.

The ability to write codes is not at all necessary for this course. Logic and reasoning abilities along with understanding of basic math is the only pre-requisite for this course.


Class Style
Lecture

M838: Intro to Java Programming
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrew Richards

This is an elementary introduction to coding with Java! The course will focus teaching kids how to understand code. With that, they'll be able to find bugs or other issues, and apply what they've learned to find solutions. Topics covered include variables, if-then, for/while, array.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
N/A

M844: Building numbers from scratch
Difficulty: ***

Imagine you meet aliens with a different system of math, which doesn't use numbers or arithmetic in the ways we're used to. How could you explain numbers arithmetic to them? How would you convince them of basic properties like x+y=y+x?

In this class, we'll see one way to do this. Starting without any concept of numbers, we'll see how to successively build natural numbers, integers, rational numbers, and real numbers. For each type of number, we'll define addition and multiplication, and see how to prove some of the familiar properties they have.


Class Style
Lecture

M847: Winning with Quantum Entanglement
Difficulty: ***

Alice and Bob are far apart and unable to communicate with each other. Cory sends bit $$x$$ to Alice and bit $$y$$ to Bob, and each of them will send a bit back. If both $$x$$ and $$y$$ are 1, Alice and Bob want to send different numbers back to Cory; otherwise, they want to send the same number. How well can they do this? It turns out that having quantum entanglement helps!

In this class, we'll learn what quantum entanglement is and how it can be used to do better than you can classically in games like this. We'll talk about using entanglement for communication and possibly applications in quantum computing.


Class Style
Lecture


Science

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S765: Introduction to Chemical Analysis
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kaiyu Fu

We all know that weighing scales in the supermarket is to measure the weight of items we purchase. Have you ever thought about measuring chemical properties, like mass, reactivity, percent composition, etc.? Come learn the fundamental aspects of the chemical analysis we will experience in our daily life. In this class, I will discuss the essential elements to perform both qualitative and quantitative analysis. I will also talk about some classic techniques, which have been widely used in the laboratory for chemical measurements, such as optical spectroscopy, electrochemistry, chromatography, and mass spectrometry. Don’t worry about these terms if you have never heard of them. I will highlight the key points of these techniques associated with the accessible analytical instruments to most of us. Finally, I will introduce some excellent chemical analysis applications that have been utilized nowadays to track our health status, analyze the element of ancient artworks, and design a powerful battery.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
High school/basic chemistry is highly recommended, but not required.

S770: Learning Learning-Theory
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sarah Wilterson

Can you spend less time studying and still learn the same amount? Scientists have discovered a number of ways to speed learning and boost memory. In this class, you will learn how to improve your own class performance using techniques backed by science.

Sample topics: recall practice effects, spacing effects, the generation effect, transfer of learning


Class Style
Lecture

S771: A Battle of Forces: The Role of Inflammation in Disease
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tanvi Banota

The immune system lies in a delicate balance between the Light and the Dark, mediated by the Force: inflammation. Like in Star Wars, the mediators of inflammation work together and against each other to ensure our bodies are capable of fighting disease, toxicity, and cancer. Inflammation seems to play a role in almost every major disease (including a major role in the progression of COVID), but there's so much we still don't know about it. Do the keys to curing diseases like Alzheimer's, pulmonary fibrosis, and heart disease lie in controlling our body's inflammatory response to them?

In this course, we'll use Star Wars as an analogy to take a closer look at your immune system and the inflammatory response, especially how macrophages -- the white blood cell commanders of your disease-fighting army -- are the "chosen ones" destined to bring balance to the Forces of inflammation, and how inflammation plays a larger role in disease than you might have ever imagined.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic biology knowledge, no knowledge of Star Wars required!

S772: Disability - Neurodiversity - Superpower: A Neuroscientific Examination
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lauren MacLachlan

In this class, we'll consider a number of neuropsychiatric conditions across contexts of advantages and disadvantages in function. We'll learn what biology we can about these conditions through neuroscience and genetics, and we'll bring that understanding to light when examining behavior and society.

Some focuses will include: Models of disability, neurodevelopmental conditions like ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorder, DSM-defined personality disorders like Borderline Personality Disorder, the relationship of mood and schizophrenia spectrum disorders and creativity, intrinsic circadian rhythm disorders like Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder, and some additional considerations like synesthesia or Congenital Insensitivity to Pain.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
I'll teach you all the biology and science you'll need to know, but we'll move fast! Since this course concerns material that is especially personal to so many individuals (including many of your peers!), be sure to come in with a scientific and respectful perspective :)

S774: What That Mouth Do?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Trevor Driscoll

An introduction to speech production and real time (synchronic) sound changes focused primarily on English (featuring special guests Korean and Turkish). Learn about how the human body produces speech sounds, how to pronounce any sound in any language, and why English sounds the way it does.


Class Style
Lecture

S776: Molecular Imaging of Cancer
Difficulty: **

Molecular Imaging emerged in the early twenty-first century as a discipline at the intersection of molecular biology and in vivo imaging. It enables the visualization of the cellular function and the follow-up of the molecular process in living organisms without perturbing them. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging, an important molecular imaging technique which produces a three-dimensional image or picture of functional processes in the body. The theory behind PET is simple enough. Briefly, tracking molecule need to tagged with a positron emitting isotope and followed by scan the body with PET-CT. PET imaging have many advantages. The most important is its sensitivity: a typical PET scanner can detect between 10−11 mol/L to 10−12 mol/L concentrations.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
9th -12th grade students

S780: Yoga, mantra and meditation
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Meena Jain, Mona Jain

yoga for neck, back, shoulder, mantra, meditation, om chanting, yoga for stress release


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
none

S782: Human Identification through DNA Typing
Difficulty: *

What is DNA?
What is Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)?
How to amplify DNA using PCR
What is STR?
What are steps in DNA typing?
How does electrophoresis work?
Examples of DNA profile created and used in the human identification


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
none

S790: Viruses 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kalani Ratnasiri

What are viruses? Are viruses alive? How do viruses cause disease?

Come learn about these tiny, disease-causing agents through discussion and fun games! We'll answer the questions above and more as we go through the basics of the viral life cycle and take a closer look at specific viruses, including SARS-CoV-2, HIV, norovirus, dengue and Ebola.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
eagerness to learn

S792: Genetic Diseases and How to Cure Them: An Introduction to Gene Therapy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Honorine Destain

Do you ever wonder what the implications of all these CRISPR-related news headlines really are? Are you curious as to how mistakes in our genetic code could be changed to save lives? In this class, we’ll discover the causes and symptoms of different genetic diseases, and how we can hijack viruses and bacterial immune systems in an attempt to cure them. We’ll discuss the medical and ethical ramifications of manipulating our genetic code, and where this technology could be headed.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Introductory biology knowledge is highly recommended, but not absolutely required.

S794: Fantastic Drugs and How to Find Them
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Xujun Cao

We have always sought new ways and new drugs to treat diseases - this has only been made more obvious by the ongoing pandemic. But what does a drug really look like? How has the way we look for a drug changed? In this session, we will examine current and upcoming therapeutic approaches for various diseases.


Class Style
Lecture

S801: How to solve climate change
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sam Allon

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the world. In this class, we will learn about potential personal, technological, and technological solutions.


Class Style
Lecture

S802: ntroduction to Light microscopy: how colorful can small things be?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Philipp Baumli

This class is intended to be a stand-alone introduction to light microscopy. I aim at covering historical aspects of light microscopy, the fundamental physical phenomena, the most common light microscopy techniques, and prominent examples of their applications. At the end of this class, students will be able to describe the most important physical phenomena concerning light microscopy, compare the most used techniques of light microscopy, and justify why a specific technique may be suitable for a corresponding example.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Highschool Physics

S804: Epigenetics: Why everything you know about genetics is wrong
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Chloe Noll

"Genes are the blueprint of cell." You've probably heard that a million times at this point. But what if I told you that's a lie, and not only that, but that lie cost us billions of dollars! From famines to motherly love, we will explore the frontiers of how life experience alters our biology and how we pass on so much more than our DNA!


Class Style
Lecture

S805: Mind-Bending Parasites and the Cat Conspiracy
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Chloe Noll

Do you have a morbid fascination with human parasites? Want to learn about microscopic organisms that will fuel your nightmares? Then this class is for you! From toxoplasma gondii to sleeping sickness to mad cow disease, we will learn learn how these parasites hack your neurology and examine the strange results that follow. In this class, we will focus specifically on parasites that change your brain and learn about new research revealing the shocking effects of a mind-altering parasite that has already infected at least 30% of humanity.


Class Style
Seminar

S809: Astrobiology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michelle Brose

Where did life come from? Are we alone in the universe? What is the future of life on earth?


Class Style
Lecture

S812: Crystals for Harnessing and Controlling Energy
Difficulty: ***

What makes electrons move like light in one layer, makes electricity conduct without resistance in two layers, and compels adult physicists to title their talks with the word “magic”? In this class, we will explore the big ideas in solid state physics, including the interactions and symmetries which allow electrons to behave in both simple and exotic ways. This physics describes much of the world around us as well as magnetism, superconductivity, and topological properties. We will explore solid state physics through the lens of graphene, from basic crystal properties to bizarre emergent behaviors. Through this class, you will learn about modeling and measuring the behavior of electrons in solids and explore the frontier of physics research, finding the answer to our riddle.


Class Style
Lecture

S813: Big Ideas in Solid State Physics: The Riddles of Graphene
Difficulty: ***

What makes electrons move like light in one layer, makes electricity conduct without resistance in two layers, and compels adult physicists to title their talks with the word “magic”? In this class, we will explore the big ideas in solid state physics, including the interactions and symmetries which allow electrons to behave in both simple and exotic ways. This physics describes much of the world around us as well as magnetism, superconductivity, and topological properties. We will explore solid state physics through the lens of graphene, from basic crystal properties to bizarre emergent behaviors. Through this class, you will learn about modeling and measuring the behavior of electrons in solids and explore the frontier of physics research, finding the answer to our riddle.


Class Style
Lecture

S820: Blackholes, wormholes, and the mystery of time
Difficulty: **

We will be talking about the twin paradox, brief introduction of Einsteins gravity theory (general relativity), blackholes, wormholes, quantum gravity theories while addressing the question of what is time and if extremely small times actually exist.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Curiosity

S822: Apples to Orbits
Difficulty: **

What is gravity? Beneath the black holes, planetary orbits, and falling apples lies general relativity, a revolutionary theory which reveals fundamental truths about the nature of space, time, and matter. Despite the deep mathematics underlying the theory, the principles governing it can be understood in simple, albeit counterintuitive terms.

We introduce general relativity through a discussion of the geometry of spacetime and how it interacts with matter and energy. The presentation is meant to be accessible and, as such, requires no physics prerequisites.


Class Style
Discussion

S826: All About Alcohol: Neuroscience, Genetics, and Society
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lauren MacLachlan

Let's take a deep dive into one of our society's most ubiquitously used and abused psychotropic agents. The scope of this class is going to range from the microscopic to the societal:

Among other topics, we'll talk GABA receptors, genes like the hilariously named *cheapdate* in fruit flies, and genes that less hilariously have a lot to do with clinical anxiety presentations. We'll talk about drugs that are used to help treat addiction to other drugs, and we'll examine some statistics and culture in the context of one of few widely legal drugs of abuse.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
I'll teach you all the biology, chemistry, and neuroscience you need to know - but please be sure to come into this class with the ability to take our topic seriously and examine it scientifically!

S827: I'm Not a Morning Person: Chronobiology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lauren MacLachlan

Circadian rhythms - everyone has one, right? Turns out that some people have rhythms that make them woefully nocturnal (hi), while some people would be better suited for life on another planet. This class is for anyone who HATES waking up early, anyone who's ever felt like they got run over by a bus after hopping some time zones, or anyone who is interested in why exactly the number "24" isn't just a social construct but is woven into our DNA.

We'll definitely be getting into some neuroscience and genetics here, but we're also gonna talk about what it's like to live in a cave and whether that sleeping cure your Grandma tells you "works every time" is real or not.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A bit of genetics or biology would be helpful, but definitely won't get in the way!

S828: Psychiatric and Neurological Disorder
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lauren MacLachlan

"Multiple personalities," hearing color, surviving a rod being blasted through your brain, and more - welcome to a whirlwind tour of neuroscience and abnormal psychology through the things that go wrong.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Everything will be nice and light-hearted for the most part, but a number of our topics are fairly serious.

S829: Intro to Protein Folding
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Mickey Albrecht

An introduction to the process of protein folding and the latest techniques working to predict what proteins will do.


Class Style
Activity

S835: Crash Course on Climate Change & Sustainability
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zachary Krauss

Climate Change is the largest problem facing the current generation. It is already causing billions of dollars in infrastructure damage, countless deaths, wars, ecosystem losses, aesthetic impacts, etc. This course will focus on the basic science of climate change, why it matters, and what we can do to prevent it from worsening. We will discuss various philosophies of sustainability as well as some leading climate change solution strategies. The goal of this course is to motivate students to believe they have the knowledge and power to be a positive ingredient for change.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
None

S837: Medicinal Chemistry I
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Asa Knox

For those interested in pursuing a degree of MD, PhD, DMD, etc.

This course covers topics such as pharmacokinetics, mechanism of action of aspirin and penicillin; opiates; pH regulation in the stomach; taxol


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Knowledge of general chemistry including AP and IB chemistry are recommended, but not required

S841: Geobiology: What the Earth Teaches us about the History of Life
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Justin Duffy

How do we know what life was like millions of years ago? In this class, we will discuss how life interacts with the Earth, and how studying rocks, fossils, and biogeochemical cycles can help us understand the history of life. Topics will include fossils and fossilization, relative and absolute dating, the Great Oxygenation Event, mass extinctions, and climate change.


Class Style
Lecture

S849: Carnivorous Plants: Making a Murderer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: John Schaefer

A brief introduction to some of the most fascinating members of the plant kingdom: carnivorous plants. There are over 700 known species of plants that attract, capture, and digest animal prey in order to survive their harsh environments. We will discuss the evolutionary development of different trapping mechanisms and the roles of these vegetable killers in the history of science.


Class Style
Lecture

S854: Understanding Dark Matter
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joel Bernstein

You may have heard that over 80% of the matter that makes up our universe is mysterious "dark matter." But if we can't see it, how can we possibly know that it's there? In this class, I'd like to convince you that most galaxies we observe must contain dark matter - even if we don't know what it is.

At it's core, this is a physics problem. Luckily, there are only two equations needed, both of which you've seen before if you've taken a high school physics class. If you haven't, don't fret! I'll still be giving you an intuitive understanding of why we need dark matter. The equations will just be there for those who want to see them.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No prior knowledge is needed. However, if you've taken a physics class, or seen the equations for 1) gravity and 2) centripetal force, you'll be amazed at how simple the solution to our problem is!


Miscellaneous

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X758: Spanish Civil War / La guerra civil (española)
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Thomas Yim

Interested in learning more about one of the most important parts of modern Spanish history? This class would be for you. The class will be taught in a combination of Spanish and English.

Spanish Civil War (1936-1939): el bando sublevado (nacional) vs el bando republicano
1939: Fall of the (2nd) Spanish Republic and the start of the Franco dictatorship


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
some understanding of Spanish

X763: Rubik's Cube 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ricky Parada

Have a spare Rubik's cube lying around the house? Ever wondered whether you could solve it? Look no further! This class is a beginner friendly 3x3 Rubik's cube walkthrough session that will springboard you on your way to solving your first cube! Come with a cube and willingness to learn :)


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Rubik's cube: cheap options available here: https://www.thecubicle.com/collections/3x3-speed-cubes?sort_by=price-ascending

X766: Intimate Justice: Reimagining Sex Ed
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Grace Kwak

"Don't have sex, because you will get pregnant and die! Don't have sex in the missionary position, don't have sex standing up, just don't do it, OK, promise? OK, now everybody take some rubbers." — Mean Girls (2004)

---

If you've seen the movie Mean Girls, you know this scene is just for laughs. But actually, that kind of sex ed isn't too far off from the reality in U.S. high schools today. For example, did you know that only 17 states require sex ed program content to just be *medically accurate*? Yep, and there are a lot more mind-boggling facts where that came from.

Or maybe you feel like you've learned enough -- you know that contraception is good and STI's are bad, and maybe some basics about sexual consent too. But there's a lot more to sex ed than learning what's safe and legal. If you'd like to dip your toes in some sex ed that's **feminist** (i.e. how can we celebrate self-exploration and pleasure in female sexuality), **comprehensive** (i.e. what about topics like healthy relationships, body image/self-esteem, and messages from pop culture?), and **supportive** (i.e. how do we figure out our own values, boundaries, and desires regarding sex), this class is for you!


Class Style
Lecture

X775: Investing in the Stock Market
Difficulty: ***

Want to learn how to invest in the stock market? Take this class to learn the basics, learn how the market is influenced by the pandemic, and practice investing!


Class Style
Lecture

X781: Learn to Sing Karaoke
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Meena Jain, Mona Jain

Learn to sing song on karaoke or without karaoke. Fun class. Learn to sing. Challenge yourself. You can do it. Show to world who are you? You have talent to sing. Do not hide your talent, your teacher with you. Only you need to sign up for the class. It only happen once a year. See you in class. Teacher is waiting for you. Meet with Karaoke Guru, Mona. Go ……..Learning to sing is a awesome gift yourself.
WHAT IS THE BEST AGE TO START SINGING LESSONS?
There is no age to learn singing. Any age , you can learn. Many children enjoy singing, a very young age or any age can learn to sing
Because singing does not depend on instruments, the best age to start singing lessons , when you decide to sing . However, learning to sing requires regular practice, practice make you perfect. After learning song , you are a different person. Where ever you go singing talent with you. You always winner no matter what, because you have ability to sing , you not scared in public to sing song. Music is my life. The art is singing make a better person. Learn to sing you are my sunshine by singing you can express your feelings and emotions. Singing is internationally language.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No

X803: Events Planning for Non Planners
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Vanny Koornwinder

You have to organize an event for your school or plan a party for your friend but don't know what to do. I will share the step-by-step process in planning a memorable event.


Class Style
Lecture

X810: Building Mental Resilience
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Catherine M

Do you struggle to maintain your mental health?

Avoid your painful emotions?

Are you your own worst critic?

Regularly feel anxious or depressed?

Suffer from rumination or spiraling thoughts?

In this course you will learn researched-backed approaches to effectively manage your mental health and build mental resilience to handle life's stressors (that we all experience!).

After this course, you can start applying these techniques and take steps toward breaking your own patterns.

In this course, you will learn how to:
- Develop emotional literacy: The problem with running from painful emotions
- Identify negative thought patterns and restructure them into productive ones
- Develop self-compassion
- Define personal values to anchor and guide your life

Disclaimer: This course is not psychotherapy, medical advice, nor a replacement for the professional help provided by a licensed clinician, mental health counselor, or therapist. The course instructor is not a mental health professional.


Class Style
Lecture

X814: YOGA FOR BEGINNERS.
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Mona Jain, Anil Sharma

Class Title: yoga For Beginners

Category: Miscellaneous

Class Description:
SUKHASANA - EASY POSE--There are some amazing benefits of Sukhasana. It spreads a sense of calm and peace through your mind and body. Your body alignment is improved. Practicing this asana helps elongate your spine.
PADMASANA- ( LOTUS POSE)--The Posture is a power packed hip and heart opener, with numerous physical and spiritual benefits. It is one of the best meditative poses.
VAJRASANA-(THUNDERBOLT OR DIAMOND POSE)-It Strengthens pelvic muscles by changing the flow of blood and nerve impulses the pelvic region. It improves the whole digestive tract, relieves
stomach disorders such as acidity and peptic ulcer.
KAPAL BHARTI-(FIRE OF BREATH) -It Helps in Weight loss,Mental Agility,Blood Circulation,Enhances beauty, Healthy body organs,Stress relief. It lights up your life.
TULASANA-(BALANCE / SCALE POSE)-Strengthens your arms, wrists, and upper body region. Makes your shoulders strong.
Relaxes muscles and calm the mind. increases the sense of balance. It includes tightening the abs and bring out a rigid stomach. The muscles of your abdomen are pulled up tight and thus lungs show sign of improvement.

Prerequisites:
Any one is eligible for taking this class. There are no prerequisites required for this class as the class is for Beginners.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Any one is eligible for taking this class. There are no prerequisites required for this class as the class is for Beginners.

X830: Change Ringing - mathematical music
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tom Farthing

We explore the ancient art of English Change Ringing. Traditional English tower bells rotate through a full-circle which produces a powerful sound, but preclude the playing of "normal" music. However, a set of bells can be rung in succession to create a ribbon of sound. If the ringers ring the bells in rapid, structured, unique permutations, you have the challenging, fun, interdependent game of Change Ringing


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
It will be helpful if students create a (free) account on na.ringingroom.com

X832: Connect with Your Inner Child
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Emmy Joy

Do you give your inner child attention?

We all have an inner child who wants to be seen, expressed, and appreciated!

Do you give your inner child love?

As children, we fully allowed ourselves to be expressed! We did not care about what anyone thought of us. We were FREE! We laughed and played and had FUN!! We expressed our emotions and said yes to our desires!We knew that all our dreams are possible!

Then, over the years, as we exposed ourselves to the Matrix aka societal programming and conditioning, we learned to hide our emotions or to fear our dreams or to play small and be in a box. Now, we are on a journey of unlearning, of deconditioning, of releasing all this programming, so we can break free from the limitations and step into our power once again: the Power of Love! So we can EXPAND OUR WINGS, say YES to our DREAMS, and connect with our INNER CHILD once again!

During our class “Connect with Your Inner Child”, we will heal our inner child wounds so that the little girl and little boy inside of us can once again experience their freedom! The JOY! The PLAY! The SACRED SILLINESS! During this class, we will ACTIVATE our inner child so that WE are buzzing with JOY and can remember the beyouty of being a Child of Magic! You will be free to BE WHO YOU ARE, in ALLLLL that you are!

Are you ready to truly connect with your inner child in a spiritual way? Then this class is for you!


Class Style
Seminar

X833: Manifest Miracles
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Emmy Joy

Manifest Miracles.✨
Truly, the greatest miracle there is is LIFE!💖This BREATH, this MOMENT IS the miracle!🙏Us EXISTING is the miracle!💞WE are living, breathing, walking MIRACLES!☀️Remind yourself of this every day!😌You being born is a miracle.🧡You expressing your soul essence is a miracle!🌟You balancing your mind, body, and spirit is a miracle!🦋Feel into the MIRACLE of who we are!💓
Transform the mundane to MAGIC, by remembering that LOVE and LIGHT flows through All That Is!💛Visualize this LIGHT, FEEL this Unconditional Love!✨BE PRESENT, because Presence is the Portal of Magic!🌸
When we are embodying our True Nature: Love, Peace, Joy, and Abundance, when we are breathing Life Force Energy and enjoying this miraculous existence, we are in ALIGNMENT with Spirit, we FLOW!🌈We become a MAGNET for all our dreams and desires because we are ONE with the Universal Energy of Life!💕We start experiencing Divine Synchronicities and laugh with the Divine Orchestration and Intelligence and Perfection of this Universe!❣️We start attracting everything that is meant for us!🥰We start manifesting with ease!🌻We surrender to Divine Timing!💕We become a creative channel for Source!😇Everything simply flows and we become AMAZED by our co-creation with the Universe!😍We listen to our intuition, take inspired action, and trust in the perfect unfolding of our unique journeys, realizing that everything is happening FOR us!☀️
✨During this class, we will go DEEP into spirituality such as:
🔸The Process of Manifestation and how to receive all of your heart’s desires
🔹Manifesting through Pleasure and Fun
🔸Practices and Tools to experience more MAGIC and MIRACLES in Life
🔹Transforming the Mundane to Magical
🔸Becoming a Magnet for Miracles
🔹Living Life as a Miracle
🔸Law of Attraction
🔹Experiencing Divine Synchronicities
🔸Divine Timing and Intelligence
🔹Co-create with the Universe
🔸Become a Master Attracter
🔹Law of Vibration
🔸Raising Your Frequency
🔹Quantum Alignment
Does this EXCITE you?!🤩
As you can feel, this class is going to be SOOOO JUICY and is quite the MIRACLE in and of itself!🎉
Come play in this portal and experience the MAGIC, so that you can live your most prosperous, joyful, abundant, liberating Life!🌟


Class Style
Seminar

X834: Shadow Alchemy
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Emmy Joy

Shadow Alchemy.✨
As humans, we all experience shadows. Shadows are the darkness and density that is stored in our bodies and psyche from past traumas, limiting beliefs and thinking, and conditioning. As we were growing up, society has been conditioning us with “rights” and “wrongs”, “shoulds” and “shouldn’ts”. Society has conditioned us to dim our light and be in a box, which causes us to shrink. Our shadows come from past life experiences, ancestral beliefs, programming, negative self-talk, and anything that causes us to feel a blockage or contraction.
As humans, we all have shadows, they are a part of our full-spectrum human self, and it is okay to experience the wide range of emotions.🌈We are meant to hold ourselves with compassion and grace as we process and move through our shadows.❣️
Aaaand, it is important to realize that anything not in alignment with Unconditional Love can be unlearned and alchemized.💛We are not our thoughts, feelings, experiences, or shadows. We are PURE LOVE CONSCIOUSNESS with Unique Soul Codes.☀️We are all Unique Expressions of Source Energy!🌸Our ESSENCE is Love, Peace, Joy, and Abundance!🌻We are here to unite with the Unconditonal Love that is our True Nature.🦋One way is through Shadow Alchemy.😍
In Shadow Alchemy, we alchemize and transmute all of our shadows so that we can create space, expand, and align with our Pure, Powerful Soul once again!🌼
During this class, you will find out how to practice SHADOW ALCHEMY; how can we alchemize our shadows and discover why it’s so important!💓
This is as much of an informative class as it is EXPERIENTIAL, because we will be EXPERIENCING these practices through POTENT breathwork techniques, movement, divine channeling, and more!🤩We will truly experience ALCHEMY aka MAGIC!🌹
We will be HEALING in all ways, for past, current, and future generations, so that we do not pass on the limiting programming to our future children!✨So that our children do not have to do all of the unlearning like we are because they’ll already know what a brilliant superstar they truly are!🌟As we heal on an individual level, we heal as a collective!❤️This class is a vortex for HEALING and ALCHEMIZING our shadows so that we can play in our true essence, so that we can play in the frequencies of JOYYYY!!!!!💖
Get ready to experience the most MAGNIFICENT JOY EVER!!!!😄This Shadow Alchemy is a class you DEFINITELY want to be part of!🧚‍♀️Get ready to EXPAND and embody your MAGIC!💗


Class Style
Seminar

X840: Check your sources!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrea Massari

We're gonna pick a random piece of new, journalism or common knowledge and try to see what happens when we check the sources...


Class Style
Activity

X846: Introduction to Korean
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Lydia Lee

Annyeonghasaeyo! Have you ever been interested in reading, writing, listening, and speaking basic Korean? In this course, we will tackle this challenge head-on!


Class Style
Discussion