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Rainstorm Spring 2020
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Arts

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A108: Photovoice: Our World from Your Eyes
Difficulty: *

In these unprecedented times, it is more important than ever to find ways to connect with each other, and photography is a In community-based research, the method of photovoice asks participants to photograph scenes in their daily life that express their point of view and represent what it's like to live in their communities. We're going to do exactly that: in this class, we'll take time to go around our homes (or through photo archives) to take photos that represent our perspectives on themes like gender, race, family, and belonging. Then, in small group discussions we'll use these curated photos to give each other a window into our respective worlds.


Prerequisites
NO PROFESSIONAL CAMERA REQUIRED - you can use a phone, tablet, or whatever is at your disposal. If you do not have access to some kind of camera, you are welcome to draw from an online archive of photos.

A350: Designing the Design Narrative
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Steven Faerm

Ever wonder how fashion designers create their exciting, narrative-rich collections? This lecture examines how designers research inspiration, develop innovative design methods, and create powerful statements through clothing.

First, we will examine design fundamentals such as color theory, motif, and visual narrative. We will then analyze professional and student work that apply these methods in different ways. The lecture culminates in a full analysis of an Alexander McQueen show that employs all the topics discussed. You will leave the presentation with a better understanding of the complex fashion design process and how designers work!

This lecture is for anyone considering a career in art and design; its content can be applied to all areas of art and design.

Presented by Steven Faerm, Associate Professor, Parsons School of Design.

A54: Intro to Breakdance
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tindar Cyr, Eric Park

Learn the some of the fundamentals of breaking, one of hip hop's earliest forms! We'll explore basic grooving, top rock, footwork and freezes to give you a taste of what it's like to be a breaker! Get ready to get up and break it down!


Prerequisites
No experience necessary.

A190: Bullet Journaling 101 Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Amanda Xu

Have a spare notebook, some pens/markers, and the urge to doodle?

Ranging from daily agendas, to habit/mood trackers, and even to recipes for self-care, bullet journaling is not just art and writing. It's a therapeutic and creative outlet entirely designed by your own imagination!


Prerequisites
Please prepare the following: blank/dotted notebook (preferably not lined), pencils/pens/markers, and creativity! Be ready to draw and design your own bujo :)

A430: How to Take "Good" Photographs Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

Making a compelling and powerful photograph, as with any art, is a challenging process. However, taking a merely “good” photograph—that is, one free from obvious technical “errors”—follows a relatively straightforward process. Nearly all modern cameras obey the same fundamental principles and share the same basic set of controls. Learn how to take full control of your camera, whether a smartphone or interchangeable lens camera.

A38: Kpop Dance
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vivian Wang

Calling all Kpop fans! Whether you love Kpop songs, have always wanted to do a Kpop cover, or spend hours on Youtube everyday staring at Kpop boys...this class is for you! An hour will be dedicated to learning the choreography from one of your favorite Kpop groups. No experience necessary! This is a class for true beginners who want to try Kpop choreography.


Prerequisites
A passion for Kpop and dance!

A73: Animate: An Introduction to 2D Frame By Frame Animation
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Osamah Mandawi

Teaches the Twelve Basic Principles of Animation, as described by the legendary Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston, two of Disneys Nine Old Men. Covers animation resources, free platforms, exercises, and even contests to participate in. No drawing skills required.

A84: Understanding Art: Analysis and Core Concepts
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Hannah Chew

An introduction to analyzing painting. This course will focus on Western tradition painting, but will teach analytical skills applicable to all periods.


Prerequisites
An interest in art, art history, or just general aesthetics!

A85: What Do All Those Words Mean When The Credits Roll?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Haylee McDonnell

In this class, I will go over the responsibilities associated with the different departments of filmmaking, including:
-writing
-producing
-casting
-directing
-camera
-grip & electric
-art
-sound
-post-production

A274: Contemporary Short Stories: What makes a short story special?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sam Pathak

In this class, we will read some excepts from two different short stories by non-white, female contemporary writers, such as Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and Jhumpa Lahiri, who have been exceptionally successful in crafting meaningful short stories. We will not just read, but we will also analyze and critically examine their works and learn what goes into writing a wonderful, successful short story in the contemporary world that we live in today.


Prerequisites
Read the following short stories from The New Yorker before class if you can: 1) https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/04/13/apollo 2) https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2004/05/24/hell-heaven


Engineering

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E355: Unlock the Secretes of Data - Linear Algebra and Machine Learning for Data Prediction and Analysis
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Chloe Loughridge

This course will cover linear algebra topics as they relate to data analysis and prediction. Topics include:
- matrix factoring techniques
- principle component analysis
- neural networks and brief introductions to other machine learning models

E87: Introduction to Robotics and Robotic Control
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Matthew Chignoli

Learn about the basics of robotics, including the basic components of a robot and an overview various robot designs that we see in the world around us.

The second half of the class will be dedicated to how we control robots. We will consider simple problems like keeping a self-driving car centered in a lane and moving a simple robotic arm from one point to another.

(We will only be talking about logic, so don't worry about any challenging math or physics. There won't be any!)

E8: It's Just Rocket Science!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hannah Alpert

Everyone knows that rockets are really cool, but how do they actually work?! In this class we'll explore a brief timeline of rocketry, how rockets blast off into space, and what different parts of the rocket do.

E20: Glass is Cool: Innovation, Manufacturing and Recycle
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Zhiye Li

This course is going to introduce glass, a material one sees in lots of everyday stuff, in an easy understanding and funny way. The course starts with what glass is, and how it is discovered. Some innovative ways of application are then introduced such as optical fiber, bioactive glass, and glass fiber reinforced composite.

E48: Think like an Engineer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rebecca Reals

Engineering doesn't have to be intimidating! In this class you'll learn how engineers turn an abstract idea into a real life product. Explore the engineering design process, discuss engineering ethics, and uncover famous engineering failures. Finally, experience the excitement for yourself and put your newfound knowledge to the test as you develop a plan of your own to solve a difficult dilemma.

E64: Fluid Instabilities
Difficulty: **

In the world of fluid mechanics, there exists an assortment of instabilities for fluids that arise from their mathematical formulation. In an hour, we will explore an assortment of the instabilities whilst discussing their applications to contemporary research in blood flow, thin films, and pattern formations in nature to name a few!


Prerequisites
While I would not put any real course pre-reqs other than interest, there will be mathematical formulas. However, understanding the mathematical formulation is not the focus of the presentation.

E82: How Radios Work
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Justin Cray

Learn the physics behind radios. Once we've done that we will talk about different types of radios including:
- 5G radio
- Amateur radio
- AM/FM radio

and how you can get hands on experience with them.


Prerequisites
Some HS physics would be helpful but not required.

E120: A Crash Course in Materials Science and Engineering
Difficulty: *

Providing a quick overview of the general topics and ideas that make materials science an important discipline

E289: Neurons, Mobility, and Rehabilitation Engineering: Current Topics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Noah Rubin

Greetings! This class is meant to provide a brief peek into the realm of neurorehabilitation engineering. It will broadly go over some of the disorders (such as Parkinson's disease) that affect your sensorimotor system, as well as some of the methods engineers are currently exploring to treat these ailments.

My goal is simply to give you small but broad look into this field and see some of the treatments that you may not be aware of, such that if anything particularly interests you, you will have some grounding and terminology to look into them further on your own. :)


Prerequisites
A basic understanding of physics and biology would be very helpful, but I do not want to restrict anyone.


Humanities

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H40: Introduction to Esperanto
Difficulty: **
Teachers: CJ Quines

What's Esperanto? It's the most widely spoken invented language, actively spoken by around 200,000 people all over the world.

It's really easy to learn! You'll learn more Esperanto in this hour than you'd learn German in ten hours. By the end of the class you'll be able to form basic sentences in Esperanto.

H47: Tragedy in Short Film
Difficulty: **

What do you think of when you hear the word “tragedy”? While most people immediately think of sadness, there is much more to the genre. Explore with us the nuances of tragedy through short films, discussions, and interactive activities!

H18: Short Story Analysis
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Daya Butler

We will do a close reading of an Etgar Keret' famous short story.

H203: Queer History Around the World
Difficulty: **

This workshop introduces students to key moments in queer history around the world. It teaches students about how gender and sexual orientation was thought about in various cultures. The goal is to show students that queer identities have a long and diverse history that spans every time and every continent.

H442: The Euthyphro Dilemma: Learning to Read Plato and Why
Difficulty: **

Alfred North Whitehead one said, “The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” The first time you hear this quote you scoff, and think, “he must be overstating the dude.” At least I thought that before my first political theory course, but the more political theory you read, the more you’ll see just how amazingly influential he has been on our thinking, even today. While the translations of his work are excellent, to really understand him requires learning context about the ways in which he said what he said and why. In this class, we will go over the Euthyphro to understand one of the first known arguments against religious government, how to read Plato, and see why he's important.


Prerequisites
Please read sections 9b to 16a at the link below. In this text, take note of the argument Socrates is making about the relationship between holiness and the gods. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0170%3Atext%3DEuthyph.%3Asection%3D9b Before starting, there are a few pieces of background information that will help you understand the material. Firstly, the premise is that Socrates is talking to Euthyphro, who is a prosecutor in the city of Athens. Euthyphro's father killed a slave through negligence who himself was being punished for killing another man. Socrates wants to know Euthyphro’s views on whether it is holy to punish his own father through contemplating the principles of holiness. One thing to keep is mind is that I am not expecting you to follow everything or understand it all but rather get a handle on what sort of text this is, and perhaps see the outlines of the basic argument Socrates is proposing. Definitely don't put more than 60 minutes into it unless you feel inclined.

H112: Behavioral Economics: $1 Today or $2 Tomorrow?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jen Park

Why do we spend money the way we do? Why do people love free giveaways so much? Is receiving $1 today better than receiving $2 tomorrow?

Classical economics assumes that people make "rational" money decisions. But as you've probably noticed in your real life, we don't always make great choices (for example, that shirt you bought and never wear...) Behavioral economics tries to address this. We'll talk about some common mistakes we make in our daily decisions and discuss ways to fight these biases.

H432: Magic Systems in Fantasy Stories - Part 1
Difficulty: **

We''re going to explore how magic is designed and presented in a variety of books and movies,.


Prerequisites
Must enjoy fantasy!

H52: More Than A War: Introduction to Vietnamese American Literature
Difficulty: **

Who owns the ‘history’ and ‘trauma’ of the Vietnam War in America? Who owns the narrative of the Vietnamese people who came to America after 1975? In this course, we will discuss how
how writers like Viet Thanh Nguyen, Ocean Vuong, and Thi Bui challenge the idea that Vietnam exists only as a war. We will read passages and poems of Vietnamese American literature
that portray the complexities of Vietnam and the Vietnamese American experience.

H53: Win-Win Scenario: An Introduction to Negotiation in the Courtroom
Difficulty: *

To get what you want, you got to be able to ask for it. Whether it be a multi-million dollar business deal, a decade long fight for custody, or a crucial decision about whether to lock someone up for the rest of their days, negotiation is an invaluable skill to win the high risk, high reward cases that lawyers are presented with. Come be a part of an engaging simulation where you’ll be tasked with fighting on behalf of your client for a stake in the materials needed for a potentially life-saving drug. Think you have what it takes?

H29: Humanitarian Aid 101
Difficulty: *

Want to learn more about helping communities from all around the world? Curious about how natural disasters affect people? Want to know how YOU can help? Join me as we discuss international humanitarian aid and nonprofit work. We will discuss communities from all over-- Puerto Rico, Kenya, Greece, Dominica, Vanuatu and many more places. Through interesting stories and fun games (an emergency response simulation,) we will discuss some important but interesting issues involving natural disaster response and refugee work.

H35: How to Succeed with Bosses and Bureaucrats
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Bill Geraci

(This is a class which you’ll use likely daily for the rest of your life!) We all live in hierarchical structures: Work, family, school…. What patterns should you watch for and which tactics may you use to help your point win the day? Come learn some of the tactics used by bad bosses…and some history, too! And I’ve got movie clips!


Prerequisites
None

H425: Puzzling Paradoxes of Reality 1: Is my cup one thing, many things, or nothing?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Zoe Lee

In this short session, students will be introduced to an ancient philosophical puzzle (still debated now!) about how common objects (like a cup, a statue, a house, etc.) go in and out of existence, and what the nature of their existence is. When you drop your cup and it's broken into pieces, does your cup still exist? Is that still your cup?


Prerequisites
Be prepared to be puzzled and maybe a bit annoyed and/or frustrated, because it's philosophy!

H281: Economic, Political, and Social Systems
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Veronica Pugin

What are the systems in our lives that determine how our society is structured? What is capitalism exactly? What does a democracy entail in reality? How do social structures like race, class, and others impact social systems? How do all of these systems influence each other? In this class, learn how to identify and reflect on the systems that impact our daily lives and world.

H196: From Swans to Spartacus: Ballet in the Soviet Union
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jessie Oehrlein

We often associate classical ballet with Imperial Russia. However, ballet was also culturally important during the Soviet period, and balletic developments in the Soviet Union were really different from those elsewhere. We'll talk about the history of Soviet ballet, how it influenced and was influenced by ballet in the West, and why only a few Soviet ballets survived the fall of the Soviet Union.

H45: Do Number Exist?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Julia Tofan

What are abstract objects and can we prove their existence? A group of philosophers called Fictionalists insist that they don't. What's that all about, and could they be right?

H426: Puzzling Paradoxes of Reality 2: Is my car really my car?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Zoe Lee

In this short session, students will be introduced to another ancient philosophical puzzle (also still debated now!) about how common objects (like a car, a house, a ship, etc.) can go through change over time (like repairs) and still remain the same thing (or so we think). Is your car still your car if you upgraded it to have all 24k gold parts? Why? How?

H204: Political Process & COVID-19
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Cody Baynori

While there were many factors leading up to the COVID-19 Pandemic, world administration was one of the grandest. Join this crash-course for an overview of how government failure lead to the spread of the virus in both America and the world - as well as how it could have been prevented.

H123: The Rohingya Refugee Crisis

This class will give an overview of the current Rohingya Refugee Crisis that is occurring in Myanmar. Specifically, students will learn the causes and consequences of this crisis, along with what is being done by various organizations to provide help. We will also describe the contributions that Yale Rotaract, a service club at Yale, is making in providing assistance to those in need.

H93: Revelio: What Harry Potter Teaches Us About Writing Shocking Plot Twists
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Nelson Niu

Think of that one book or movie with a killer twist ending, a shocking reveal that blew you away and left you stunned in your seat, marveling at the storyteller's cunning and cheek. (Don't tell me what it is, though: I don't want to be spoiled.) Ever wondered how the writer or director managed to pull it off?

Now think of that other twist ending that was absolutely atrocious, that left you feeling confused, cheated, or rolling your eyes because you'd seen it coming from a mile away. (Again, don't tell me what it is: spoilers for bad stories are spoilers, too.) What makes some twists work and others flop?

This is an intriguing topic that is very difficult to discuss, because, as you've probably already noticed, talking about plot twist is difficult without, well, actually talking about those twists, thereby spoiling them. Fortunately, there's one series chock-full of excellent surprise endings that nearly everyone of our generation has already been exposed to: Harry Potter.

We'll examine and discuss the techniques employed to create some of Harry Potter's most shocking revelations, as well as the broader thematic ideas that a clever twist can convey. And perhaps you'll come out of this class ready to craft your very own mind-blowing plot twist.


Prerequisites
You should be familiar with all seven books in the Harry Potter series.

H409: Intro to Science Writing!
Difficulty: **

How can you tell good journalism from bad? Why is science journalism even important? This course will cover the introductory of how scientific research is communicated with the public.

H94: The Persian Wars 500-480 BCE
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joshua Hoffman

This course will cover the famous Persian Wars between the Persian Empire and a coalition of Greek City-States headed by Athens and Sparta.

It will be lecture based but with plenty of room for questions and observations.

H51: Democracy and Human Rights
Difficulty: *

This is an introductory course for any students interested in studying human rights. We will explore the history of the human rights framework with a focus on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. We will also examine and contest the distinction of civil/political rights and socioeconomic rights, especially as they manifest in democracies.

H56: Human Behavior
Difficulty: *

Did you know that individuals are less likely to offer help to a victim when other people are present? Or that a mass shooting in the United States is followed by other mass shootings due to the copycat phenomenon? This course will explain human behavior with psychological phenomena such as the bystander effect and mass hysteria and will discuss infamous behavioral experiments.

H57: Abnormal Psychology
Difficulty: **

This crash-course will be an introduction to understanding the nature, causes, and treatment of different mental disorders. Students will gain an insight into the way disorders are defined in the DSM-5, including but not limited to PTSD, generalized anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder.

H62: Latin101: The Endings! Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tashi Treadway

Have you ever wondered where words like "magnitude" and "neonatal" come from? Have you ever wanted to sound like Harry Potter?
Then, you might want to learn Latin! This class will be a fun introduction to the language and culture of the Romans. I suggest this if you are wondering what foreign language to take in school/college.

H65: Japanese For Beginners: Written & Spoken
Difficulty: *

A fast paced look at reading and writing several key Japanese characters (kanji) as well as a few Japanese conversations and key Japanese conversational words. Youkoso (welcome)!


Prerequisites
N/A

H115: Irish Presence in America
Difficulty: *
Teachers: H. Alex Chen

This course will emphasize the influence of the Irish diaspora in America. The lecture begins with the mass immigration caused by the Great Famine in Ireland and examines the communities and impacts of those Irish immigrants in America. It will assess the social and political influence of American Irish communities in the rebellions, revolts, and revolutions that led to the establishment of independent Ireland. The overreaching idea is the strong ties between Ireland and the United States throughout history.

Topics include the potato famine, cultural memory, Irish communities in America, the Young Ireland Movement, the Fenian Brotherhood and the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and the Easter Rising of 1916. If time allows, the course will address the cultural significance of St. Patrick's Day and late generation Irish identity in America.


Prerequisites
None.

H116: Food Through a Societal Lens
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ryan Moon

What you eat is important. Many studies have associated added sugars, red meat, and processed carbohydrates with cancer, diabetes, and obesity to name a few. It’s one thing to know what to eat and what to avoid. It’s another in practice. How to access good foods, and who is impacted disproportionately by fast-food and big food corporations are intertwined with dirty and hidden government policies. Among many injustices committed against black and brown people by the government, arguably, the most impactful today is redlining and restricting loans and neighborhoods from people of color. As I will demonstrate in the class, these housing policies -- most of them made in the 1930s & 40s -- dictate racial wealth inequality and segregation in neighborhoods which have a multitude of implications on schooling, food deserts, policing, and more. We will then take this conversation to current events. How is inequality reflected in access to food in this pandemic?

H119: President Madison on the Founding of the United States
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bil Lewis

With the assistance of audience members participating in skits, reading the parts of Patrick Henry, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Dolly Madison, Paul Jennings, etc., we will lead investigations into events from the House of Burgesses, the Constitutional Convention, the “Dinner Party,” etc., that marked the coming of age of the United States.

More than a mere recitation of dates and facts, this will be an exploration into the underlying reasons that prompted them to act as they did. Many of the issues they confronted then continue to be relevant today.

Why should we be one Country?
What debts should be paid?
Who gets the power of Taxation?
Should a Private Bank issue money?
Should the Federal Government assume the debts of the states?
Should we be agrarian? Or a center of manufacturing?
How do we limit the influence of Great Corporations on our public life?
How can we protect the Common Man from the rapaciousness of the Rich and Powerful?
How do we abolish Slavery?
How do we make real the “Spirit of ’76?” So we can truly say that “All Men are Created Equal.”

H122: Asian American Women and Gender History
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sunnie Liu, Tracy Zhou

This course will cover a broad overview of Asian American women and gender history from the first waves of Asian American immigration to the U.S. in the 1830s to present day. We will cover themes including: representation in pop culture, sexuality, labor, exploitation, and political organizing.

H200: Linguistic Prejudice: Revealing Our Implicit Biases about Language
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lydia Lee

What counts as the "standard" for a language? Why are speakers of non-standard varieties often looked down upon? In this course, you'll find out how to identify and combat linguistic biases!

H237: Ancient Greek Art 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tobias Benn

An introduction to Ancient Greek art, focusing on sculpture and architecture. We will also briefly cover the Greek civilization and its influence on Rome.

H283: Economic Philosophy & Justice
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Veronica Pugin

What is the relationship between economics and justice? What did some of history's most famous economic philosophy thinkers, Adam Smith, John Locke, and Karl Marx to name a few, have to say on this? What about other philosophers? In this class, you will learn about modern history's most commonly cited economic philosophies and how their philosophies apply to today.

H295: Democracy Now!
Difficulty: **

This is a crash course on the the history of voting and the United States and the strategies of voter suppression that has developed concurrently.

H301: Jane Austen Through the Ages
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Natalie Troy

Jane Austen wrote a bunch of stuffy books about rich, out of touch ladies from the early 1800s, right? In this course, we will evaluate this statement and explore what makes Austen's works so emotionally resonant for many readers to this very day. We'll also explore the various film and other adaptations of her works through the ages through reading excerpts aloud and viewing film clips in class, so if you're interested, no worries if you've never read her work before! We'll focus on Pride and Prejudice and Emma because of the rich adaptations those two works have inspired, but feel free to bring up any Austen work of your choice if you've already encountered them.


Prerequisites
A willingness to think about Jane Austen! You may enjoy this class more if you have already read her work or seen one or more adaptations of it.

H306: Rethinking Free Will
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ilai Gavish

Our intuitive notion of free will is based on the idea that we have multiple courses of action available to us at a given moment. However, science is rapidly showing us that our actions are dictated by ordinary physical mechanisms, meaning we are faced with a tough choice: Either change our conception of free will, or admit that we don't have it.

H310: Reading like a Writer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Cheryl Gartsbeyn

In this class, published authors are our teachers. We will begin by using an excerpt of JK Rowling's Harry Potter as our mentor text and then learn how to read like a writer. Your favorite authors can be your writing teachers!

H375: Language Puzzles
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Evan Hochstein

How can you learn languages without any lessons? In this class, we will do exactly that, exploring languages from Eastern Europe (such as Russian or Turkish), East Asia (such as Japanese, Korean, or Chinese), and Western Europe (such as French, German, or Spanish). You will learn how to take sentences in a foreign language and translate them without initially knowing any of the words, read words in a writing system you don't know, and discover grammar rules that we don't have in English. No prior knowledge of languages is required — just analytical thinking!

A quick example of the type of puzzle we might do: Yaqui is a language indigenous to North America. Here are some sentences in Yaqui:
1. Inepo enchi aniak
2. Aapo enchi vichak
3. Inepo enchi vichak
4. Empo nee aniak

Here are their English translations, in random order:
a. He saw you
b. I saw you
c. You helped me
d. I helped you

Match each sentence with its correct English translation. (Hint: the words don't go in the same order in Yaqui!)

ɔ 'q 'ɐ 'p :sɹǝʍsu∀

H416: YDN Op-Ed Writing!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Zaporah Price

Get tips and skills for writing opinion pieces! We will brainstorm together, write together, and just spend some quality time over Zoom. I can answer any questions you may have about the Yale Daily News, newspapers and publications, or college life in general!

H417: Snake Flags
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bard Cosman

Where does the Don't Tread on Me rattlesnake come from, and why is it so loaded with meaning? The brazen serpent (neḥushtan) that Moses raised in the Book of Numbers is a convincing ancestor for the American snake flag family, of which the Gadsden flag is the best known. The neḥushtan also seems to be the ancestor of the fouled-anchor emblems of the world's navies--like the anchor on the US Marine Corps flag. In tracing these stories, we'll touch on language, history, Jewish and Christian religion, and how symbols encode meaning, and we'll show that you can discuss flags without talking politics.


Prerequisites

H429: How to Win an Argument
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jonathan Haber

Interested in learning the tools of critical thinking and how they can be applied in school, in politics and in life? This short course will introduce you to the tools of argumentation: how to create convincing and compelling arguments, and how to know when what you're being told is valid or bunk.

H436: Empathy, from Literature to Medicine
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ariel Leong

Some research has shown that literature can increase empathy! People employ their empathy skills all the time: readers put themselves in the shoes of a book protagonist. Doctors combine all of the clues the patient has given them to arrive at a diagnosis. In this class, we will analyze literature excerpts to gain insight into characters' thought processes. We will then apply the skills we've learned to conduct a mock patient interview.

H451: The Poet's Voice and Social Injustice
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nidhi Patel

This course will go over Maya Angelou and Rabindranath Tagore poetry.

H454: What is Love? (Baby Don't Hurt Me)
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kevin Sompel

This course focuses on love and relationships. Using social psychology it delves into questions such as "What causes attraction?", "How can we explain and improve our relationships?", and "How can we define love?". The course has many interactive activities where participants can learn about their own lives and relationships!

H39: Fumbling Mess to Fluent: Communicating in a foreign language
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Asia Kaiser

This is a course about finally learning to converse naturally with native speakers in a foreign language. If you feel awkward when trying to speak, have a hard time forming sentences on the fly, and can't understand when natives speak quickly, this is the course for you. This is the amalgamation of all that I learned living abroad and how I went from a fumbling mess to a proficient conversationalist in 2 foreign languages.


Math & Computer Science

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M370: Design-Driven Data Science
Difficulty: **

Let's look at the design thinking process of data science in a real world scenario with geospatial analytics.


Prerequisites
None!

M407: A Rapid Introduction to Quantum Computing
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Jordan Hines

What is quantum computing and why do people care about it? In this class, we'll quickly introduce the basic principles behind quantum computing and get a glimpse at how it works and why it's tricky to think about.


Prerequisites
Comfort with matrix multiplication and basic high school algebra

M71: Hidden Markov Models: Predicting the Market with Warren Buffett's Breakfasts
Difficulty: **

This course will provide an introduction to Markov Chains and Hidden Markov Models, so we may predict the daily market performance based entirely on Warren Buffett's daily eating habits! He once famously said “$3.17 is a bacon, egg and cheese biscuit, but if the market’s down this morning, I’ll pass up the $3.17 and go with the $2.95.”


Prerequisites
An understanding of probability

M419: A Dash of Algebraic Number Theory
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Rahul Saha

We will introduce basic concepts of Algebraic Number Theory building from well known notions of unique factorization, failure of UF and its generalizations. We will also touch briefly on what class groups are and why they are useful.


Prerequisites
Knowledge of basic Number Theory topics such as divisibility and unique factorization. Some familiarity with groups, fields and rings are encouraged but not required.

M369: The Symmetry of Wallpaper Patterns
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jordan Hines

Wallpapers (and similar art) have all sorts of symmetry in them. In this class, we'll take a mathematical look into the possible symmetries and how this relates to an area of mathematics called group theory. We'll look at many different patterns and explain why there are 17 different types of wallpaper patterns.

M91: Infinity and the Foundations of Math
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jay Gopalan

How does exponentiation work? Because of multiplication. How does multiplication work? Because of addition. How does addition work? Using basic properties of numbers and math. What are the basic properties of math? Umm, well...

In this course, we'll give an overview of some of the main philosophical schools of the foundations of mathematics, and the main modern candidates for new mathematical axioms.


Prerequisites
None

M70: Will the bird get home? and other stories in random walks
Difficulty: **

We'll have a fun introduction to random walks! Specifically, we'll discuss what happens when you take a random walk on $$\mathbb{Z}$$ (the number line), $$\mathbb{Z}^2$$ (the lattice in the coordinate plane), and $$\mathbb{Z}^3$$ (3D space). What happens when a very confused man leaves his house and starts wandering aimlessly? Will he ever return home? What about a bird?

Sign up for this class to find out! (It will not be super rigorous, so enjoy the ideas!)


Prerequisites
Basic familiarity with binomial coefficients (i.e. $$n$$ choose $$k$$, or $$\binom{n}{k}$$) and its usage in counting combinations. Either understanding convergence/divergence of p series (i.e. $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}n^p$$) or willingness to believe the facts.

M197: Coloring Maps: An Introduction to Graph Theory
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jessie Oehrlein

Graph theory is a relatively young area of mathematics, focused on studying structures that show the relationships among people, places, or objects. We'll talk about an early key question in graph theory, the Four Color Theorem, which is about coloring maps. We'll show why it's not the Three Color Theorem, prove the Five Color Theorem, and talk about why we didn't prove the Four Color Theorem.


Prerequisites
Comfort with using variables and reading algebraic expressions. It's helpful but not necessary to have seen proofs by induction and/or contradiction.

M41: 123457 is a prime
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: CJ Quines

If we gave you a four-function calculator, how long would it take you to check that 123457 is a prime? In fact, we can do it in five minutes, and we'll show you how.

We’ll use this to talk about how computers figure out whether numbers are prime in general, and what makes one method faster than another.


Prerequisites
Some number theory. In particular, you should know what modulo is and be comfortable with it.

M107: Euler's Identity
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Frim

We will first explore Taylor expansions and calculate some examples of Taylor series using sine, cosine, and $$e^x$$. Then, we will expand into the realm of complex numbers and understand exactly how the fundamental constants of mathematics $$e, i, \pi, 1, \text{ and } 0$$ are all interrelated.


Prerequisites
Familiarity with complex numbers and taking derivatives.

M441: A Crash Course in Game Theory
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nina Singh

Game theory applies not only to games like poker and chess, but also to real-life scenarios such as competition between Lyft and Uber. In this class, we'll explore game theory through various theoretical and real-life "games."

We'll learn concepts such as payoff matrices, Nash equilibrium, and Pareto optimality and use them to better understand different strategies and their outcomes. Finally, we'll build upon our analysis of simple games to discuss real-world applications of game theory.

M7: Intro to Linux
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Sam Stern

Most things in this particular historical moment are on the cloud. Did you ever wonder what really runs it? Linux is an operating system that backs as much as 2/3 of all computers on the web. In this course, we will go over its history, evolution, why it is so popular today, and a little bit about how to use it!


Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of computers

M14: How to Lose Money On The Internet: Political Statistics and Prediction Markets
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Thomas Sheridan

In this course, we will learn about the basics of probability (outcomes, probabilities, expected value) focusing on how these concepts are applied to real-world prediction markets. We will also look at how polling is conducted, and how accurate (or inaccurate!) it can be.

M24: No No No Yes: An Introduction to Reinforcement Learning
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Michael Kielstra

Computers do exactly what we tell them, but sometimes we don't know what to say. Some environments are just too complex or mysterious for a programmer to write down an explicit algorithm. Reinforcement learning is how computers learn to make their own decisions in a human-like way: trying, failing, practicing, and learning. It's used by medical professionals, by data scientists, and by Netflix's recommendation algorithms. In this fast-paced class, split between theory and practice, we will first study the design of, and then build, our own reinforcement learning algorithms.

And get your bandanas ready, because we might just have a visit from the Bandit...


Prerequisites
Students MUST have access to Python with Numpy throughout this class. It's free and easy to install. Mathematics to the point where you can understand the definition of a vector and of a function. Statistics to the point where you know what a normal distribution is. Programming (I'll be using Python) to the point where you can simulate 100 random coin tosses and calculate how many come up heads.

M26: Code Like a Pro - Java and BDD Full!
Difficulty: **

You will use a free professional grade practice platform called Cyber-Dojo.org. No registration or any form of "account" is needed to us this platform.

You will learn how to use Cucumber and Gherkin to code like a professional. You will be using your browser to read the directions, to write requirements, one at a time, in the form simple english statements that define explicit examples, and then, to satisfy those requirements by writing simple Object Oriented code in Java or JavaScript.

You will also be using a professional screen-sharing and collaboration program called Zoom to control another person's browser.


Prerequisites
1. You must know how to code in at least one programming language, ideally Java or JavaScript. Scratch and HTML are not programming languages. 2. You must have the Zoom screen sharing and collaboration program installed on your computer.

M78: Simplifying Computer Science
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jarett Malouf

An introduction to the core concepts of computer science through an analysis of the board game Monopoly. Intended for students with little to no experience with computer science.

M113: Discrete Math in Python
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jonathan Barrios

This will be a really short introduction to discrete math with relevant examples shown in the python programming language.


Prerequisites
Some mathematical maturity will help. Some understanding of python will help. Neither of these are hard prereqs.

M202: Small Changes: The Fundamental Ideas of Calculus
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bryan Foo

A rundown of the basic concepts behind single-variable calculus. A more intuitive approach based on the idea of infinitesimal changes of a variable is taken to build up conceptual understanding of what calculus is about, so we will not be spending significant time doing difficult calculations.


Prerequisites
Precalculus

M302: Voting Theory
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Benjamin Cosman

In the voting system you're used to ("Plurality"), we ignore a lot of useful information by only asking voters to pick their favorite candidate. This leads to problems like vote splitting - a candidate that most people hate could win with just 10% of the vote as long as 10 other candidates split the remaining 90%. In this class we will compare the other voting systems that become possible if voters supply their full preferences instead of just their favorite.


Prerequisites
None. This class will have little to offer if you are already familiar with the major systems and criteria from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_electoral_systems#Compliance_of_selected_single-winner_methods

M305: How To Think About Four Dimensions, and Beyond
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zachary Steinberg

Thinking about four dimensions may sound scary, but it’s actually surprisingly simple. You’re probably used to graphing points using two coordinates, but what happens when those coordinates involve circles instead of number lines? That simple question leads to a surprisingly flexible way to think about spaces our three-dimensional brains can’t imagine.

Along the way, we’ll answer some questions. How do mathematicians think about four dimensions? Isn’t the fourth dimension time? If so, how do we distinguish between possible universes? Why do mathematicians keep talking about these things called “manifolds”? Why is tying knots impossible in four dimensions? Why can’t you glue a piece of paper into an origami Klein bottle? Come find out!

Using the power of 𝟛 𝔻 𝕘 𝕣 𝕒 𝕡 𝕙 𝕚 𝕔 𝕤, come learn how to think about dimensions beyond our imagination – visually!


Prerequisites
If you know what points, planes, and spheres are, you're good. Bring with you a love of cool visuals. Calculus might let you get more out of the class, but you don't need it!

M357: Python for Data Science
Difficulty: **

This course will go over data analysis libraries in Python. The primary focus will be on using numpy, pandas, matplotlib, seaborn, pandas_profiling, and altair for working with various data formats, data processing, data analysis, and data visualization.


Prerequisites
Basic familiarity with Python programming

M365: Algorithms
Difficulty: **

Algorithms are the basis of programming and are ubiquitous in every day life. Learn the process of writing algorithms and how to use algorithms to solve problems.


Prerequisites
Access to a computer and internet required

M414: Catastrophe Theory - The Mathematics of Sudden Change
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ben Israeli

The mathematical models we use to understand the world - in physics, economics, ecology, etc - tend to use continuous, smoothly changing functions and variables. This raises a problem: Discontinuous changes are common. Bridges collapse, markets crash, memes go viral. Catastrophe theory attempts to understand these phenomena by studying deep parallels between them.

In this course, we will get a taste for this topic by looking at simple examples. We will see how the magnetization of a piece of iron and the formation of a traffic jam actually have the same mathematical underpinnings, and if time permits, we will consider more generally stability and instability in dynamical systems.


Prerequisites
Necessary: algebra, functions Preferable: taking roots of functions, functions of more than one variable Helpful by not necessary: calculus

M415: Natural Language Processing (How Siri, Google Translate, Alexa, etc. work)
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: David Morley

This class will cover some of the techniques that are used in natural language processing (word vector/character models, etc) and also provide a brief interlude into machine learning. Everyone should be able to get something out of this course no matter their skill set.

For those who want to
get the most out of the course it might be helpful to have a minor background in neural networks/machine learning to give context to the ideas presented,
for this introduction I would recommend the series by 3Blue1Brown on the
topic at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aircAruvnKk

M418: Ramsey Theory
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Dylan Hendrickson

How many people do you need to put in a room to make sure four of them are either all friends or all strangers? Why does anyone care about huge numbers like Graham's number of TREE(3) come from? Ramsey theory asks how big a random object has to be for it to necessarily contain some structure.


Prerequisites
Be ready to think about math with little practical relevance. Having seen induction before will help, but isn't necessary.

M435: Building a Neural Network in Excel Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Edward Hu

Neural networks have seen an explosion of interest and usage in the past 5 years. They touch everything, from Netflix recommendations, self driving cars, to TikTok video effects.

Courses teaching NNs typically assume the student knows linear algebra, multivariate calculus, and probability. This course aims to distill the intuition and core machinery of NNs by requiring the student to build a NN in a spreadsheet.

Access to Google Sheets is needed. No coding knowledge required. Calculus knowledge (taking derivatives) will be helpful for some exercises, but not mandatory.

M440: Techniques for the Rapid Evaluation of Data/Statistics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Peter Csernica

We are all, regardless of our areas of interest/expertise, bombarded with statistics daily. Due to this immense influx of data, we often spend less than 10 seconds evaluating a particular statistic. These quickly-formed evaluations, although often of trivial consequence, are at times of critical importance, altering how hospital patients are diagnosed or where government funding is allocated. Therefore, the ability to quickly and accurately evaluate statistics is crucial.

In this course, we will go over a few case studies across various disciplines of common statistical evaluation pitfalls which can have severe consequences.

In discussing these examples, we will develop techniques to avoid these pitfalls and make swift yet rational decisions based on statistical data.

M455: When would you re-open schools?
Difficulty: *

If you were the governor of California, how would you decide when to re-open schools? We'll run through how to interpret and weigh COVID-19 and economic data to make this important decision.


Science

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S117: A Light Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Bryan Foo

A brief exploration of the mathematical formalisms of quantum mechanics primarily centered around the Schrödinger Equation and its implications, as well as connections to classical mechanics and other relevant results.


Prerequisites
Single variable calculus and basic physics knowledge (mechanics)

S3: Why is Oxygen So Special?
Difficulty: **

What makes oxygen so special? Why is it such a key element, that nearly every single organism on the planet requires the use of oxygen in order to create or store energy? What impact does oxygen have in things like rocket fuel, solar panels, or a rusty bicycle chain?

We'll use some concepts from biochemistry to try to answer these questions and others, in order to discover what truly makes oxygen so special.


Prerequisites
A chemistry background will be helpful, but we won't be diving too deep.

S371: Ask a Surgeon about Cancer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bard Cosman

Talking about cancer, the family of diseases that is the #2 killer of Americans, means going into many different areas of medicine. To explain how these diseases are managed, we touch on anatomy, physiology, cancer staging, surgical technique, and the interaction between surgery and other medical specialties.

S69: Let's Talk about the Weather!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sarah Weidman

Have you ever wondered how hurricanes or tornadoes form? Or why thunder snow exists? What is a Nor'easter, and why do they occur? And of course, since this is rainstorm, we'll talk about rain.

Together, we'll explore the basic physics that create the weather we observe every day, as well as look into some ways to forecast weather yourself!

S86: Food Chemistry
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Clair Travis

Do you ever wonder what all those chemicals on food labels are? Potassium Sorbate? Citric Acid? Are they bad? Are they good? Does organic mean healthy? Do pesticides cause cancer? Are carbs bad? What exactly is protein?

This is a crash course on some of the chemistry behind what we eat. We'll go into food additives, pesticides/herbicides, vitamins, natural products, energy sources (fats vs carbs vs protein) and do some quick experiments with common items found in the kitchen. By the end of this course my goal is to make you more aware of some interesting chemistry and be able to evaluate if some of what people say about food is actually true or not!


Prerequisites
Basic physical science classes. You should know about, but not necessarily in depth, elements and bonds.

S67: A not-so-brief History of Particle Accelerators
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Christopher Pierce

X-ray lasers, a pipe cleaning ferret, transmuting a non-precious metal into gold. Come learn about the sometimes absurd history of particle accelerators. Just over one third of all modern Nobel prizes in physics, chemistry and medicine were awarded for work done at these devices. We'll start from the beginning in the early 1900's and make our to the present where modern day physicists are fighting to create beams with every greater energy and intensity. Along the way we'll explore some of the interesting physics which powers these devices and the modern day problems that face researchers using them.

S410: CRISPR and the future of medical research
Difficulty: **

We’ve all heard of CRISPR in the news, but how does this technology really work? In this course we’ll go over how basic research led to the discovery of the CRISPR system in bacteria, and discuss a few of the ways CRISPR can further biological research as well as serve as a therapeutic and diagnostic tool. If there’s time and interest, we can end with a short discussion of the ethics of germline editing.


Prerequisites
Basic biology (knowledge of what bacteria, viruses, and genes are) is recommended, but not required

S61: Learning Learning-Theory
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sarah Wilterson

Can you spend less time studying and still learn the same amount? Scientists have discovered a number of ways to speed learning and boost memory. In this class, you will learn how to improve your own class performance using techniques backed by science.

Sample topics: recall practice effects, spacing effects, the generation effect, transfer of learning

S366: Becoming a Disease Detective: Health Disparities in COVID-19
Difficulty: **

Interested in learning about the intersection of public health and social justice? This course will introduce the field of epidemiology, which is the study of the distribution of disease and other health-related events, and the social and economic factors that impact health!

S294: Introduction to Neuroscience
Difficulty: *

Ever wonder what's going on in your brain? How do we form memories? Why do we dream? Is mind control really possible?

In this course, we’ll give a broad overview of the field of neuroscience and the techniques we use to study the brain! We welcome students to ask any questions they want and help to guide the discussion together.

We're excited to explore the brain with you!

S58: Physics at the Atomic Scale and Beyond
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Keith Phuthi

We will explore the behavior of atoms through simulation and how the microscopic laws of nature lead to behavior such as melting, evaporation, gases filling up rooms and macroscopic properties of matter.


Prerequisites
Basic physics such as Newton's law of motion.

S439: POP! The Science of Popcorn
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rachel Mardjuki

Where does corn come from? What makes it pop? This class will delve into the biology and genetics of corn, as well as the chemistry of what makes it pop!

S103: Amazing Enzymes
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joyce Wong

Living things require chemical reactions in order to function, but these reactions would proceed slowly without some extra help. This assistance is provided by biological molecules called enzymes. We will explore the diversity of enzymes and the functions they facilitate. In addition, we will see how the 3-dimensional structure of enzymes makes chemical reactions in living things proceed faster.

S49: Vitamins and the Human Body: Why are they so important?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Snigdha Allaparthi

We know that taking multi-vitamins to supplement your day to day health is essential, but why exactly do we need them? In this class, we will talk about how too much (or too little) of certain vitamins can impact your entire body!

S59: Basic Biology and History of Infectious Disease
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tomomi Yoshida

Life has drastically changed across the globe over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Now more than ever, it has become important for us to understand the complex function of our immune system. In addition to biomedical research, public health measures are essential to mitigate the spread of disease. In this class, we will not only discuss the basic biology of how our immune system protects us from disease, but also look back in history at past pandemics as case studies to understand effective public health measures.

S293: Chemophobia: What's a Chemical?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Rudshteyn

This class gives an overview of the phenomenon of chemophobia, the fear of chemicals (not of organic chemistry as a class!). It will define the terminology of chemicals, including the difference between natural and artificial chemicals and how one is not necessarily better than the other.


Prerequisites
High school level chemistry

S106: Calculating the Speed of Light: the Electromagnetic Wave Equation
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Michael Frim

We will derive the general wave equation using Newton's Second Law, generalize it to 3 dimension, and from there find the electromagnetic wave equation. From this, the speed of electromagnetic waves can easily be found. Since light is an electromagnetic wave, we will have calculated the speed of light.


Prerequisites
Some familiarity with Euler exponentials and some vector calculus, specifically gradients and curls.

S42: Pharmacokinetics and Drugs and Alcohol
Difficulty: **
Teachers: CJ Quines

Pharmacology is the study of drugs, and pharmacokinetics is the study of what your body does to drugs. We'll talk about the basics of pharmacokinetics and how this applies to the medicine people take, or to alcohol.

S25: The Cosmic Web and the Large Scale Structure of the Universe
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Horowitz

Galaxies in the universe appear to arrange themselves in dense cluster, empty voids and stretched filaments, creating a network resembling an intricate spider's web. In this course we will briefly go over the history of the discovery of this cosmic web, and go over some of the ways astrophysicists are studying its properties.


Prerequisites
An interest in astronomy and astrophysics!

S374: Intro to Synthetic Biology!
Difficulty: **

How does engineering intersect with biology? How can rabbit genes be expressed in plants? What are policies and ethics behind gene editing? If you're interested in finding out these and more, this class is for you!


Prerequisites
Introductory biology knowledge (DNA transcription, translation, replication, etc.) is recommended and helpful but not required.

S372: Ask a Surgeon about Appendicitis
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bard Cosman

10% of our population gets this disease, traditionally treated surgically. To explain appendicitis, we touch on anatomy, physiology, medical history, surgical technique, and the movable boundary between medicine and surgery.

S68: The Science of Hand Pulled Noodles
Difficulty: **

The science behind noodle making and dough mixing, and how to make it softer,stretcher,harder etc.


Prerequisites
none

S437: Introduction to Global Health
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Christine Wenzel

This course will define what global health is and major concepts, discuss who works in global health, provide information on studying global health in university, and emphasize its importance in improving health worldwide.

S79: A New Language of Life: The New Era of RNA Biology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Peter Wang

All of biology can be described as "codified chemistry": atoms and bonds, laid out in patterns (like a code or a language), give us the logic and in all living things. Traditionally, the code of DNA and proteins have been the protagonists of biology. Recently, however, RNA has become the center of attention. Using just four alphabets, A/U/G/C, RNAs can do all sorts of things in biology: they can be long or short, they can look like circles, hairpins, switches, meshes, and more. In this class, we take a look at all kinds of strange RNAs that scientists have discovered at the very cutting edge.


Prerequisites
Most basic molecular biology, i.e. what is DNA, RNA, and protein.

S158: What Color is #TheDress? The Neuroscience of Human Vision
Difficulty: **

Is the dress blue/black or white/gold?!! Come hear us attempt to resolve the #dressgate that went viral on Twitter, learn about cool facts of human color vision, and along the way pick up some methods scientists use to study the brain!

S363: Special Relativity
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jordan Hines

Come explore space and time, and see how the main ideas of special relativity can be derived from simple principles and some basic algebra! If we have time, we'll also talk about relativity "paradoxes" and how to resolve them.


Prerequisites
An introductory high school algebra course

S5: Introduction to Cardiology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Daniel Han

According to the CDC, more than 600,000 people in the United States die each year from heart-related
diseases, making it the leading cause of death for both men and women. Cardiovascular disease is a result
of the gradual buildup of plaque or fatty material within the arterial walls leading to heart attacks.
However, most cardiovascular diseases are preventable by addressing risk factors such as poor and unhealthy diets, smoking, environmental hazards, and limited physical activity. The heart is one of the most vital organs required for human life and has very complex structures and mechanisms that enable blood circulation throughout the body. This course aims to introduce interested students from all
backgrounds the fundamentals of the heart. In particular, we will cover its respective anatomy and
physiology, learn related diseases and their impacts in public health, and explore exciting on-going
research fields.


Prerequisites
Basic knowledge about Biology; Some experience with Anatomy and Physiology preferred

S12: What's Under All That Water? An Exploration into Earth's Oceans
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Courtney Anderson

Are you curious about the oceans? To know what lurks in the deep and what swims near the shore? To know what sperm whales do as they dive 800 meters below the surface in pitch black waters?

In this course we will tackle those questions that have consumed your curiosity and many more. In fact, this class encourages people who have questions about the ocean to come and ask them!

If you would like to learn about the oceans, join me as we dive in. Come with questions and a readiness to participate in some fun activities too.


Prerequisites
Welcome to all, having a background in biology helps!

S28: Neanderthals and Humans: A Who's Who of Human Evolution
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jacob Kalodner

When we think of the human race, we often consider ourselves to be the only creatures like us on the planet. And while this may be true today, there was a brief period of time, not too long ago, where humans coexisted with another sentient hominin: the Neanderthal. This class will examine the unique characteristics of humans and Neanderthals, and explore how the two groups may have interacted, the impacts they had on one another, and the legacy of our hominin cousins today.

S72: Red Queens & Cheshire Cats: Viruses in Ocean Microbes
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Arianna Krinos

Did you know that ocean microbes also contract viruses? In this course, we'll talk about two competing theories about viral infection in $$\textit{Emiliania huxleyi}$$, and how viral infection impacts primary productivity around the world.

S77: Blood Borne Diseases
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Arielle Soldatenko

Curious about what constitutes a blood borne disease? We'll discuss the components of blood, different types of disease, and a case study in HIV if time allows.

S81: How to get into RESEARCH!!! (despite the COVID-19 times...)
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Angelynn Nguyen

Interested in doing research in high school or college??? Well... This is the class for you!! This course will guide you through how to get into STEM (and even some humanities) labs/internships, as well as what to expect from them. We will also be focusing on internships, cold emails, finding the right lab, and more!!
(PS:You don't need to have any experience AT ALLLLL!!!)

S89: Your Immune System: What's Sick About Being Sick
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Danial Syed

The world is full of germs--there are millions of microscopic organisms on the things we touch and even in the air we breathe! In fact, dangerous germs can even live on our skin!

So what protects our bodies? Why aren't we infected all the time?

Join us in learning about the immune system: an intricate and amazing series of defenses that keep us safe and healthy. The tools it uses to protect us are diverse, clever and cool. Hopefully, you'll come out of this class thankful that you've got such a cool defense system looking out for you!

S90: The Effects of THC Therapies on Prevalent Diseases
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Alan Trapenard

This course is designed to introduce the learners to both the concept of Neurological and Neurodegenerative Diseases as well as the effects of current THC therapies on said diseases. The topics to be discussed will be:
1. What is THC and how does it effect the brain?
2. Neural anatomy and Cannabinoid Receptors
3. THC and Parkinson's
4. THC and Cancer
5. Novel therapies using controversial methods
This course is NOT designed to pique interest in THC for a non-scientific purpose and is intended for educational purposes only as an introduction to modern science and to introduce students to the new methods of disease therapy emerging and hopefully encourage some to pursue those carriers.

S99: Introduction to Quantum Theory
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melissa Louie

Classical physics is simple and elegant, but does it really tell you the whole story of what's going on in the world? In this class, we will zoom in to learn about the wacky and fascinating things that happen at the quantum mechanical level.


Prerequisites
Basic physics

S104: Developing Decarbonization Solutions to Combat Climate Change
Difficulty: **

In many ways, the 2015 Paris Agreement marked a turning point in international efforts to combat climate change. Yet, even with growing commitments to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, much progress still needs to be made. A team of researchers based out of the Climate Interactive nonprofit and MIT recently developed the Climate EN-ROADS climate change solutions simulator, which allows users to test the carbon emissions reduction potential of different climate change solutions. In this course, we will have the opportunity to learn how different climate change mitigation solutions stack up against each other as we try to decarbonize the planet to avoid the worst consequences of climate change.


Prerequisites
None.

S124: Science, Society, & Controversy: How To Think Like A Scientist
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Michael Grome

Why do we have such great divides on Climate Change, Vaccines, Evolution, GMOs, etc, etc, etc?

This course in not about learning facts in science, but about the reasoning behind science and how we can apply it. Leave your certainties at the door.

Course Structure:
Socratic Seminar - this class is about thinking! Be ready to listen, share your thoughts, and challenge the teacher, each other, and yourself.

What we'll discuss (time-dependent):
-What actually is Science?
-How does Science relate to Society?
-Semantics (e.g. what is truth?)
-Context: How can some believe in dragons?
-Certainty, Subjectivity, & Objectivity
-Scientific Method
-Logic & Fallacies
-Science-Public Controversies (may touch on climate change, gluten, GMOs, evolution, vaccines, junk food, designer babies, etc - determined by class interest)

NOTE: This course is originally designed for 75+ minute in-person discussions. Thus, we will likely not get through all the material, but the powerpoint can be provided as a resource.


Prerequisites
A willingness and desire to think critically and challenge not only others, but the teacher and especially oneself

S157: Intro to CRISPR Cas-9 Gene Editing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Amanda Xu

Have you ever wondered if it's possible to design babies? Or potentially develop personalized medicine and even eliminate some genetic diseases?

This workshop will be a crash course on how gene editing works through CRISPR, scientific advancements currently underway, and the potential implications for the future of science and medicine!


Prerequisites
An interest in biology and some understanding of how DNA/RNA works

S194: Brain Injuries and How They Help Us Understand the Brain
Difficulty: **

This course will briefly introduce the main lobes of the brain (for some background) before going into different case studies that have advanced neuroscience. The studies that will be discussed will range from people that had a complete change in personality after an accident to someone that became amnesic after surgery. I will also introduce sources for future reading so that students can continue learning beyond this course.


Prerequisites
An interest to learn about the brain!

S238: How the Immune System Works
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sam Allon

Your immune system protects you from viruses and bacteria every day - and it makes decisions without a brain. In this class we'll learn how!

S240: An Introduction to Chaos
Difficulty: ***

From weather patterns to dripping taps to branching trees, chaotic and self-similar phenomena abound in the world around us. These seemingly complex behaviors began to be mathematically understood in the second half of the 20th century. We will discuss the general principles behind chaotic systems and how to quantify them, with many examples along the way.


Prerequisites
Familiarity with functions and systems of equations assumed. Some exposure to computer programming helpful. Calculus not required, but helpful.

S285: Genetic Counselors: Unlocking What Genes Mean
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Rushna Raza

Enjoy learning about cutting-edge medical science? Love working with patients and families? Consider a career in Genetic Counseling!

Genetic Counselors are healthcare providers who guide and support patients by explaining genetic test results and risk for inherited conditions: birth defects, cancer, and much more. With our genetic information now at our fingertips, Genetic Counselors are in high demand as translators for science that helps prevent, treat, and cure diseases, while being an emotional ally throughout the patient experience.

This course explores the career path to becoming a Genetic Counselor, and looks at the key functions of their job. Students will take family histories, analyze a genetic test report, and practice counseling skills in a mock genetic counseling case.

S286: A Brief Introduction to Criminology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Steven Swee

When watching crime drama on TV, many of us are usually thinking the question, "Who dun it?" However, once we see the police capture the criminal, we usually forget about why did the criminal do the crime? This class takes a brief look at some criminological theories to get a better understanding of why people do crime.

S287: Organic Chemistry Education
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Steven Swee

Organic chemistry, while "inherently not more difficult than other physical sciences," has the reputation of being a difficult class for undergraduate students. This class dives right into why this is the case and includes a brief introduction to organic chemistry (to simulate what you should do in lecture when taking organic chemistry).


Prerequisites
Any chemistry course (AP Chemistry recommended)

S298: Exploring Global Health
Difficulty: *

Discuss the importance of Global Health amidst a pandemic, and what we can do to improve and advocate for it in the future.

S307: Interacting with Light

Why is the internet so fast? Can you measure microscopic objects without a microscope? Why is spear fishing so hard? Learn how light plays tricks with our eyes, how we can INSTANTLY send memes to our friends around the world, and how to measure the width of a hair without a microscope! We will explain refraction, diffraction, and fiber optics.


Prerequisites
None required. We will use some simple algebra and geometry.

S308: Other Minds: Perspectives from Animal Behavior and Neuroethology
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kate Giffin

Have you ever wondered "What is it like to be a bat"? This class will be an overview of the most interesting findings from the fields of animal behavior and neuroethology (the neuroscience of behavior). We'll explore everything from animal cognition and intelligence to the social lives of animals. We'll also dive into some of the most interesting experiments from the field and you'll learn how creative scientists can be when investigating some of the biggest questions about the world. You'll come away with a newfound appreciation of animal kind and a new perspective on what it truly is to be intelligent!

S309: A Battle of Forces: The Role of Inflammation in Disease
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tanvi Banota

The immune system lies in a delicate balance between the Light and the Dark, mediated by the Force: inflammation. Like in Star Wars, the mediators of inflammation work together and against each other to ensure our bodies are capable of fighting disease, toxicity, and cancer. Inflammation seems to play a role in almost every major disease (including a major role in the progression of COVID), but there's so much we still don't know about it. Do the keys to curing diseases like Alzheimer's, pulmonary fibrosis, and heart disease lie in controlling our body's inflammatory response to them?

In this course, we'll use Star Wars as an analogy to take a closer look at your immune system and the inflammatory response, especially how macrophages -- the white blood cell commanders of your disease-fighting army -- are the "chosen ones" destined to bring balance to the Forces of inflammation, and how inflammation plays a larger role in disease than you might have ever imagined.


Prerequisites
Basic biology knowledge, no knowledge of Star Wars required!

S311: Hack Your Tastebuds: an Introduction to Gastrophysics and the Interdisciplinary Science of Eating
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kate Giffin

Why do people love to order tomato juice on airplanes? Can the shape of your plate change how much you eat? How can you hack your tastebuds?

Gastrophysics is an interdisciplinary field about how we perceive what we eat. After learning about the basics of sensory perception, we will go over some of the most creative research going on today– including an Ig Nobel winning experiment! This course will help you gain a deeper understanding and appreciation about the food you eat and your own perceptions. Finally, if you bring a piece of dark chocolate with you, we will all experience taste hacking together!

S348: Psychology: Conformity
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sina Zakeri

Interested in Psychology? Curious about the factors that guide our behavior? If your friends jumped off a cliff, would you too? In this course, we will go through the fascinating psychological experiment that revealed shocking findings about conformity.

S354: There’s a Flamingo in My Genes: Genetic Mutants 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Emily Ho

Did you know you have a gene in your DNA called Sonic hedgehog? And one called Spock? It’s not just because biologists have a good sense of humor- these names actually can tell us a lot about what a gene does! In this class you will learn how biologists use mutants with awesome names to make important discoveries, and how they give genes their names in the first place. You will also practice identifying mutants and naming them yourself!

S361: Carnivorous Plants: Making a Murderer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: John Schaefer

A brief introduction to some of the most fascinating members of the plant kingdom: carnivorous plants. There are over 700 known species of plants that attract, capture, and digest animal prey in order to survive their harsh environments. We will discuss the evolutionary development of different trapping mechanisms and the roles of these vegetable killers in the history of science.

S362: Treating Diseases Through Genome Engineering
Difficulty: **

Curious about genome editing? Wondering why you should care? You've come to the right place! Genome editing has taken the world by a storm and holds the key to transforming humanity as we know it. In this course, you will learn more about a novel gene editing technology, CRISPR-Cas9, and develop a strategy using this tool to cure a human disease.

S411: The Medical Brain: Neuroscience of Psychiatric Conditions
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Heesu (Ally) Kim

Depression? Anxiety? ADHD? Autism? Massive progress in the field of neuroscience has allowed us to think about who we are in terms of biology. In this course, we will investigate a few common psychiatric conditions together and how the biology and chemistry in our brains might change how we act and think. We will explore examples of common medical treatments for these conditions and explore how they change the brain.


Prerequisites
Prior experience with biology and chemistry may prove helpful.

S420: Quantum Life: An Introduction to Quantum Processes in Biology
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: David Abramovitch

Quantum mechanics underlies the chemistry that makes up everything. However, quantum mechanics is usually behind the scenes in all but the smallest, most isolated, coldest, and shortest lived systems -- electrons, isolated atoms, supercooled, perfectly ordered crystals. Biology -- biomolecules, cells, and organisms-- is (relatively speaking) big, warm, soft, and immersed in messy liquids that would destroy any hope of front and center quantum mechanics. Or so one would think. But scientists have discovered evidence of quantum mechanics in amazing biological applications--with wave particle duality, interference, spin, and more on full display. We will focus on two examples: how plants turn sunlight into fuel in photosynthesis, and how certain birds use the electron’s spin to navigate with the Earth’s magnetic field. We will learn some basic features of quantum mechanics, see some fascinating quantum tricks evolution has discovered, and appreciate just how amazing these bits of quantum biology are, and perhaps what humans can learn from them. It seems even in quantum mechanics, life finds a way.

S421: Crystals for Harnessing and Controlling Energy
Difficulty: ***

Energy -- making it, storing it, using it, and doing it all sustainably -- is one of the biggest challenges facing the world. Crystals are beautiful, intriguing, and claimed by many enthusiastic bloggers to have elusive properties for controlling and harnessing our inner energies. But in the world of real science, crystals are perhaps more exciting and powerful than any blogger imagined--including harnessing, storing, and controlling energy in the 21st century! We will talk about how the chemistry and physics of crystals leads to exciting properties and applications to solar cells for catching sunlight, batteries for storing energy, catalysts for clean fuels, and maybe even superconductors or nuclear power. In addition to materials already in use, we will explore future energy applications involving cutting edge nano- and quantum-materials.

S424: The Physics of Sci-Fi
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Anasuya Lyons

Do you ever watch science-fiction movies and wonder if any of the stuff on screen is actually possible? Well come to this class and find out!


Prerequisites
High school physics + algebra will be useful, but not required!

S438: Herpetology 101: Greetingsss!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Reynolds

Students will get an introduction to herpetology, the study of creeping things. We will discuss the major groups of reptiles and amphibians and shed light on their fascinating biology.

S446: How to Fail, Correctly
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Gary Zhang

It's not until you fall that you fly, but sometimes you just fall. In this class, we'll dive into cognitive science and how our brains enforce unconscious behavioral rules: designed to prevent failure, but sometimes causing it instead. And since failure is a healthy part of the journey to success, we'll see how to code our psychological software to fail more, learn more, and thus fail less.

S450: DNA and Genomes
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Julia Parsley

Everything you ever wanted to know about DNA.


From:

the basic chemistry of the molecule,

to the discovery and biology of the gene,

to the regulation of gene expression,

to how a genome can direct the formation of a human,

to viruses,

to viroids,

to incredibly rare inherited diseases,

to crazy DNA facts,

to how to manually engineer entire organisms.


Yep. Everything about DNA that I (a DNA fanatic) can think to squeeze into an hour. It's going to be a crazy journey.


Miscellaneous

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X88: Designing the Longest Lasting Human Monument: Nuclear Waste Warning Messages
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kara O'Rourke

What should we do with thousands of tons of toxic nuclear waste that will be dangerous long past our lifetimes? How do you design a warning message that can be understood 10,000 to 100,000 years into the future? And how do you combat human’s natural tendency to do exactly the opposite of what you tell them to do?

This course will have students brainstorm possible solutions to these questions and learn what experts have to say on the matter too.


Prerequisites
Be willing to chime in!

X275: Quarantine Online Games
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Evan Tey

What games have you been playing to get through quarantine? Come share your favorite games and learn to play some new ones!

Here are a couple I've been playing recently: playsnatch.io/ https://skribbl.io/ http://bloodrizer.ru/games/kittens/

(other fun links also welcome)

X16: Yoga and Meditation
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Shannon Zimmerman

Come join a super relaxing yoga class! All levels welcome!

Use a yoga mat if you have one at home!


Prerequisites
Comfortable clothes and the space of a yoga mat (but you don't need a yoga mat to participate!)

X280: Let's Bake Some Cookies!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Amelia Sullivan

During these stressful times, many are turning to baking at home to stay busy and enjoy some home cooking. Come bake some cookies with us, and talk to some new people!

I know many of us are experiencing shortages of staples such as eggs or butter...so the recipe I am attaching requires neither! Feel free to bake your own cookie recipe during this class if you'd like.

Come bake some (chocolate chip) cookies with us, and talk to some new people!


Prerequisites
Should have access to basic baking supplies such as flour, sugar, and measuring cups.

X17: The Art of the Pep Talk
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Alden O'Rafferty

Do you ever feel really stuck? Is it hard to watch people you care about feel unmotivated, frustrated, and sad? Let's practice giving pep-talks! We'll learn about the structure of a good pep talk, talk about good strategies, and practice with partners/small groups!

X19: Choose Your Own Cooking Adventure!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cori Posner

You've heard of the cooking television show Chopped? And you've heard of "choose your own adventure" games? Let's combine the two!

Control ME, and take votes on what I should cook and how! The result will either be a delicious masterpiece that I can enjoy, or a disgusting bite that I must endure.

X198: Neurodiversity
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kelsey Wu

Neurodiversity is a social movement that acknowledges neurological differences — such as autistic spectrum conditions, ADHD, Tourette Syndrome — like any other human variation. The movement focuses on the strengths behind brain differences, rather than deficits. This course will give a brief introduction to neurodiversity and its benefits in school and the workplace.

X422: Technical Entrepreneurship in 2020
Difficulty: *

This course will talk about the business jargon and entrepreneurship process from transforming ideas into minimal viable products in the technology space. Challenges, business modeling, team building, and product management topics will also be discussed. A use case will be discussed about ChanR Analytics.

X199: Creating an Effective Organization
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cody Baynori

Extracurriculars - both in high school and college - require effective organization to keep strong and healthy. Whether you're looking for how to structure a club bureaucracy, ways to improve a current club, or how you can be an effective club officer, this class is for you!

X74: College Application Process Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Diana Espindola

What are the components of a college application process? Join this course to learn more about:
Personal Essay
Standardized Testing
Extracurricular Activities
Recommendations
Financial Aid
And more!

X98: Positivity Journaling
Difficulty: *

Let's learn how to write daily to improve our moods and express gratitude! Under these challenging circumstances that we are in right now, keeping our mental health in check is more important than ever. Research has shown that focusing on the positives while journaling leads to improved moods and increased happiness in our lives. So why not start today?


Prerequisites
Feel free to bring pen/pencils and a piece of paper/notebooks to write on! You can also write on your computers or tablets if you wish! They work just as well. We will be doing a couple online activities as well :)

X9: Rubik's Cube 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ricky Parada

Have a spare Rubik's Cube lying around the house? Ever wondered how to solve it? Look no further! This class is your one stop shop for solving the cube! No prior cubing experience necessary; come with a cube ready to learn!

If you have any other puzzles feel free to bring them!


Prerequisites
A standard 3x3 Rubik's Cube. $4 quality cubes here: https://www.thecubicle.com/collections/3x3-speed-cubes?sort_by=price-ascending

X13: Computers and Ethics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Thomas Yim

The ethics of everything tech related, inspired by an ethics class at the Stanford engineering department


Prerequisites
a curiosity about technology and its ethical implications, or just an open mind to talk about interesting case studies on ethical dilemmas in the technology field

X23: Tackling the College Admissions Essay Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alexandra Stern

Writing a compelling college application essay is both a science and an art. In this seminar we will discuss the main components of the two most common forms of college essay - the Common App essay and the supplementary "Why Us?" essay - what makes a strong answer, and a number of strategies to guide your approach. In addition to sharing and discussing a number of key principles of this very specific genre of writing, we will also take time to examine strong examples and begin outlining potential individual essays with an emphasis on collaborative sharing.


Prerequisites
Come ready to listen, discuss, and write!

X46: Study Abroad: How You Can Do it - on a Budget! Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Liana Kostak

This class will focus on the exciting and empowering experience that is study abroad! And lucky for you, many colleges/universities offer a wide array of approved study abroad programs. I will teach you “how” to study abroad, from finding the program and location that best suits your interests/needs, to how to secure funding so the experience can potentially be free! I will also focus on the types of planning helpful to preparing for a semester/year abroad and will have a segment of how to leverage your experience abroad when searching for internships and jobs. In this class, I am really happy to share some tips and tricks I learned along the way, including telling you what I wish I had known. Study abroad can be eye-opening and, for me, it changed my view of the world and what I want to pursue as a career - I highly recommend this experience for any students interested and welcome you to join this lecture!

X75: College and Scholarship Workshop
Difficulty: *

In this class I will go over college applications and applying for scholarships!

X76: HOW TO MAKE SOMEONE FEEL SPECIAL
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ariana Smartt

Do you want to know how to build new relationships and strengthen old ones? Wouldn’t it be nice if you knew how to make the people you love feel valued and cared for? This course outlines simple but often ignored strategies to make anyone feel important. Learn how you can help others immediately without any money, technology, or outside support!

X80: I Need to Get Into College...Send Help
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Nicole Huie

*CALLING ALL STUDENTS WHO NEED TO GET INTO COLLEGE AND HAVE NO IDEA WHAT THEY'RE DOING*

Listen, I've been through this, and many others have as well. Choosing the right college can feel like such a permanent decision, and this course explores how to select a college or university out of the hundreds out there. And I finished my first year of college, so I can definitely tell you what worked and what CLEARLY did not. This class will cover the types of collegiate institutions, the college list, recommendation letters, and general financial aid (need based vs. need blind vs. merit based vs. a bunch of other confusing money words).


Prerequisites
A desire to learn about college/wanting to learn about college outside of your parents/guardians forcing you to select this course. Open to all high school students interested in learning more about the enigma that is college (*cue spooky, dramatic music*).

X276: Everything You Need to Know About COLLEGE APPLICATIONS!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Marisa Deininger

One of the most difficult parts of high school, made easy! In this 45-minute class we will be discussing application essays, extracurricular activities, recommendations, resumes, financial aid, scholarships, interviews, and most importantly, how to decide what college or university is the right one for you.

As a rising senior in college who was accepted into a highly ranked private school without submitting any test scores, I know first hand that the applicant matters more than any number. Come learn about how you can make your college application reflect who you are and show admissions what a great student they would be privileged to have!

**Note: A class syllabus can be viewed below

X347: Investing in the Stock Market
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Andrew Richards

Want to learn how to invest in the stock market? Take this class to learn the basics, learn how the market is influenced by the pandemic, and practice investing!

X349: Self-Calibration
Difficulty: ***

How do we think about our own thoughts, and how confident should we be in our beliefs? We'll see how our brains are imperfect instruments and how we can improve our self-calibration.


Prerequisites
This class would be a good fit for people who like to introspect, reflect to themselves, or think about problems deeply.

X352: Eco-Minimalism 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Keili Tucker

Eco-minimalism is the concept of buying as little as possible in order to make the smallest footprint on the Earth as possible. Do you like saving money? Are you stressed out by clutter? Do you want to help save the Earth? If you’ve answered “yes” to any of these questions, come join me for a conversation about minimalism, sustainability, and mindful spending!

X413: Trust Me, It's Not About Voting
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alex Chen

This is an experimental class that is not about voting and democracy in the U.S. By the end, you will know a lot more about voting, about how to give an effective presentation, and hopefully, about yourselves.

I know I'm being vague, I'm sorry. But if you're feeling adventurous, take a leap of faith and trust me. :)

X423: Get Into the College of Your Dreams with the Perfect College Essay!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Neira Ibrahimovic

Are you wondering what it takes to get into the school of your dreams? Well look no further- this class will teach you all about how to write the perfect college essay that will make you a strong candidate for any school! Come learn about the steps to writing your essays, tips to make them better, and even get a head start by starting today! I'll also show you all my college essays that got me into UCLA, and we can work together from there... this class is a MUST!

X431: Games for Thinking While Playing Full!
Difficulty: **

Some games are almost all luck. Some have a blend of luck and skill. In this session, we are going to focus on games that have a minimum of luck: who goes first, for some, and who plays which part for others. They require analysis to play well. Some may be familiar, some with most assuredly not be!

X443: All About American Crosswords
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Emily Yi, Wayne Zhao

You've probably done, or at least seen a crossword sometimes in your life, but have you ever stopped to think about how they became so ubiquitous? Come learn all about the history of crosswords, from their humble tiny origins, through a surprisingly starring role during WWII, all the way up to the modern history of computer-assisted cruciverbalism! Along the way, hopefully you'll pick up a few resources and jargon across all of crossword-dom.

X448: Introduction to Veganism
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Catherine Scanlon

This super fast introduction to veganism combines scientific studies with personal experience and practical tips. We will quickly cover:
1. Statistics on animal agriculture and motivations for veganism
2. Vegan nutrition, looking particularly at scientific studies of vegans/vegan diets
3. My personal experience and practical tips for going vegan or vegan-ish
4. Time for questions--ask a vegan!

X449: Big Data: Solving Social Issues
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Amy Tan, Leilani Wesley

In this class, we will be discussing exciting cutting-edge research using big data to explore intergenerational mobility rates in the U.S., specifically the Opportunity Atlas developed by Raj Chetty. We will then discuss the applications of this research for policy interventions.

X6: International Humanitarian Law 101
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Candice Lee

International Humanitarian Law (IHL), also known as the laws of war, is a broad set of treaties, customary law, and principles that govern situation of armed conflicts and occupation. In this course, you will learn the four fundamental principles of IHL and its application. You will walk out of this class with a stronger understanding of international relations, the intricacies of law, and humanitarian aids. You'll engage in a series of interactive activities and discussion to strengthen your understanding.